ATP

mytholicism
Mind Map by mytholicism, updated more than 1 year ago
mytholicism
Created by mytholicism over 4 years ago
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ATP AS Level mindmap
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ATP
1 structure
1.1 phosporylated molecule
1.1.1 adenine
1.1.1.1 nitrogen-containing organic base
1.1.2 ribose
1.1.2.1 pentose sugar (5-C ring structured sugar mol)
1.1.2.2 backbone
1.1.3 phosphates
1.1.3.1 chain of 3 phosphate groups
2 how stores E
2.1 ATP = nucleotide with 3 phosphate groups
2.1.1 unstable bonds between
2.1.1.1 low activation E
2.1.1.1.1 easily broken
2.1.1.2 release considerable E amount when broken
2.2 hydrolysis of ATP
2.2.1 ATP + H2O = ADP + Pi + E
2.2.1.1 ADP = adenosine diphospate
2.2.1.2 Pi = inorganic phosphate
2.2.1.2.1 can phosphorylate other compounds
2.2.1.2.1.1 often makes them more reactive
2.2.2 catalysed by enzyme ATP hydrolase
2.2.3 can be coupled to E-requiring reactions within cells
2.2.4 E released for use by cells
2.3 synthesis of ATP
2.3.1 resynthesised by condensation of ADP and Pi
2.3.1.1 E supplied by respiration
2.3.2 catalysed by enzyme ATP synthase during photosynthesis or respiration
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