Traditional Assessments vs. Authentic Assessments

Mind Map by sgv, updated more than 1 year ago


Traditional Assessments vs. Authentic Assessments

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Traditional Assessments vs. Authentic Assessments
1 Traditional Assessments
1.1 These tests are typically a standardized test that is administered locally or statewide, but may also be teacher-created. When viewing the making and application of a traditional assessment, the knowledge that needs to be gained is determined then the assessments are created with the expected knowledge in mind (curriculum drives instruction).
1.2 Traditional Assessments (TA) are assessments with measures of forced choice. These assessments may include true/false questions, fill-in-the-blank sentences, matching, multiple-choice questions, and questions types similar to these. On these types of assessments, students are asked to recall information they have learned to complete the assessment.
2 Authentic Assessments
2.1 Authentic Assessments (AA) are assessments in which students are asked to meaningfully apply knowledge and skills to real-world tasks. These types of assessments can vary in appearance as teachers are looking for the application of knowledge in tasks, not questions.
2.2 These assessments can be presented in a wide variety of forms. In these types of tests, students are completing tasks. Authentic assessments are created to assess students "doing" a concept that they have learned. In applying these types of assessments, teachers are looking for students to summarize and apply the knowledge and skills they have learned to a task. In opposing practices of TAs, AAs are designed with the assessed task in mind (assessment drives curriculum).
3 Similarities of Traditional and Authentic Assessments
3.1 Traditional assessments and authentic assessments are both built on the ideas of producing and developing productive citizens. Both types of assessments are made to assess a student's knowledge of a particular concept.
3.2 In applying both TAs and AAs, teachers in schools are assess that student are gathering the knowledge they need to survive and succeed in the "real world."
4 Differences of Traditional and Authentic Assessments
4.2 While both TAs and AAs are made in hopes of determining students' understanding of skills and concepts, the two assessments types are very different. One of the main differences between traditional and authentic assessments is the way the tests are presented. Traditional assessments typically ask students to recall information or select an answer. On the other hand, authentic assessments ask that students show the knowledge they have gained through real-word tasks.
4.3 Traditional Assessments vs. Authentic Assessments: selecting a response vs. performing a task; contrived vs. real-life; recall/recognition vs. constructing/application; teacher-structured vs. student-structured; indirect evidence vs. direct evidence.
5 How do I choose what to use?
5.1 When deciding what type of assessment to use, teachers need to know what skills and/or knowledge need to be assessed. Teachers should keep the following statements in mind when possibly choosing authentic assessments: AAs are direct measures of learning; AAs construct meaning and learning; AAs integrate learning and teaching with assessments; AAs provide teachers and students with multiple ways to demonstrate learning.
5.2 Teachers are not required to choose between traditional and authentic assessments. Teachers have the ability to use multiple and varied forms of assessments. When teachers use a variety of assessments, they are able to see what students have learned through different ways and different perspectives.
6 Using Authentic (Informal) Assessments for Emergent Bilinguals
6.1 Teachers have the ability to follow the progress of their students by using authentic, informal assessments, By using these assessments, teachers can modify their instruction to meet the needs of the students.
6.2 When testing Emergent Bilinguals (EBs), standardized tests often do not show the knowledge that EBs possess.Authentic assessments, also known as performance-based assessments, more accurately assess EBs knowledge. EBs, during authentic assessments, are able to SHOW their knowledge rather than WRITE their knowledge.
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