Bioelements in Living Beings

Guillermo A. Vázquez Cervantes
Mind Map by Guillermo A. Vázquez Cervantes, updated more than 1 year ago
Guillermo A. Vázquez Cervantes
Created by Guillermo A. Vázquez Cervantes about 4 years ago
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Bioelements in Living Beings
1 FUNCTIONS
1.1 • Carbon
1.1.1 The element carbon is not found in a pure form in the human body, but rather in compounds within the body.
1.1.1.1 Carbon could be found in proteins, carboydrates and fats and it is very important in the physiology of body as well in plants or animals.
1.1.1.1.1 Carbon constitutes roughly 18 percent of body mass, and millions of carbon atoms form the thousands of molecules in virtually every cell.
1.2 • Hydrogen
1.2.1 Hydrogen appears mostly in our body and basically in all living beings as water. It is so important that covers 60% of the human body.
1.2.1.1 -Because of hydrogen: The cells are able to remain hydrated. Toxins and waste are able to be eliminated from the body. Nutrients are able to be transported to the cells that need them. Joints are lubricated, Immune system is able to send defensive cells to fight of infection-causing fungus, bacterias and viruses.
1.3 • Oxygen
1.3.1 In the human body, the oxygen is absorbed by the blood stream in the lungs, being then transported to the cells where an elaborated change process takes place.
1.3.1.1 Oxygen plays a vital role in the breathing processes and in the metabolism of the living organisms.
1.3.1.1.1 Probably, the only living cells that do not need oxygen are some anaerobic bacteria that obtain energy from other metabolic processes.
1.4 • Nitrogen
1.4.1 Nitrogen is a component of amino acids and urea.
1.4.1.1 Their function is building blocks of all proteins such as muscle, tissue and organs
1.4.1.1.1 Organic nitrogen can enter septic systems as bodily wastes, discarded food material, or as components of cleaning agents.
1.5 • Phosphorus
1.5.1 Phosphorous is a key structural component in the backbone of DNA and RNA
1.5.1.1 The body needs phosphorous to build these structures to transmit genetic information and synthesize protein
1.5.1.1.1 Also Phosphorous is involved in Metabolism
1.6 • Sulfur
1.6.1 Sulfur is essential for plant growth, root nodule formation and defense mechanism
1.6.1.1 Sulfur forms a part of a basic substance that is involved in oxygen usage.
1.6.1.1.1 Cysteine and Methionine cointain Sulfure
1.6.1.1.1.1 which therefore means that all proteins and enzymes contain sulfur
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