MODULE 1 Anthropology

Guillermo A. Vázquez Cervantes
Mind Map by Guillermo A. Vázquez Cervantes, updated more than 1 year ago
Guillermo A. Vázquez Cervantes
Created by Guillermo A. Vázquez Cervantes about 4 years ago
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MODULE 1 Anthropology
1 Anthropology in Research
1.1 Education and Medicine
1.1.1 beliefs of the human
1.1.2 medical anthropology,
1.1.2.1 study of social perceptions of disease
1.2 Cultural Marketing
1.2.1 ethnographic techniques
1.2.1.1 study business scenarios
1.3 Equity, Equality and Inequality
1.3.1 economic development
1.3.1.1 social conflicts and cultural dimension
1.3.1.1.1 FAO, UNESCO
1.3.1.2 inequitable distribution of wealth
2 Anthropology as a Science
2.1 What is Anthropology?
2.1.1 unlike other sciences that study particular aspects is enriched by contributions from various disciplines and goes beyond them.
2.1.1.1 Physical Anthropology
2.1.1.1.1 Physical characteristics of humans through the fossils found and the distinctive features of contemporary groups.
2.1.1.2 Archaeology
2.1.1.2.1 It is devoted to the study of material remains of past cultures
2.1.1.3 Anthropologycal Linguistics
2.1.1.3.1 It studies the diversity of languages ​​spoken by the existing human groups
2.1.1.4 Cultural Anthropology
2.1.1.4.1 refers to the analysis and description of cultures, both from the past and from human groups of today
3 History, Theories and Precursors in Anthropology
3.1 Evolutionist school
3.1.1 Lower savagery
3.1.1.1 subsistence through the collection of wild food, promiscuity
3.1.2 Higher savagery
3.1.2.1 They already had utensils for hunting (bow and arrows), banned marriage among siblings, and family relationships
3.1.3 Barbarism
3.1.3.1 Recognizable by the invention of agriculture and pottery
3.1.4 Higher stage of barbarism
3.1.4.1 When metallurgy was being developed, family relationships were traced by the male line, and private property appears.
3.1.5 Civilization
3.1.5.1 When writing developed, the civil government, and the monogamous couple as the basis of the family.
3.2 Different schooles emerged
3.2.1 Historical particularism
3.2.2 Diffusionism
3.2.3 Functionalism
3.2.4 Freud in anthropology
3.2.5 Neoevolutionism
3.2.6 French structuralism
4 Family, Kinship and Lineage
4.1 nuclear and extended family
4.1.1 The first is the one consisting of father, mother and children
4.1.1.1 polygynous
4.1.1.2 the sum of all nuclear families linked by blood ties.
4.1.2 he nuclear family was present in all of them
4.1.2.1 Sexual relations, Reproduction, Education, Subsistence
4.1.2.2 Monogamy
4.2 genealogy
4.2.1 relationships among individuals of each family
4.2.1.1 Myths
4.2.1.1.1 recreate the origins of human cultures.
4.2.1.2 Magic
4.2.1.2.1 hidden powers in nature
4.2.1.3 Religion
4.2.1.3.1 the idea of ​​God as the essence of this religious belief
4.2.1.3.1.1 Sacred
4.2.1.3.1.2 Profane
4.2.1.3.1.3 Cults
4.2.1.3.1.3.1 Individualist
4.2.1.3.1.3.2 Shamanist
4.2.1.3.1.3.3 Community
4.2.1.3.1.3.4 Ecclesiastical
4.2.2 Symbology
5 Culture and Society
5.1 The learned set of traditions and lifestyles, socially acquired, of the members of a society,
5.1.1 enculturation
5.1.1.1 ethnocentrism, which only recognizes as good and natural the patterns of our own behavior, and those who act differently are considered wild or inhuman.
5.1.1.1.1 Universal Patterns
5.1.1.1.1.1 Structure
5.1.1.1.1.1.1 It consists of activities from an external and behavioral point of view,
5.1.1.1.1.2 Superstructure
5.1.1.1.1.2.1 Composed of behavior devoted to artistic, recreational, intellectual and religious activities,
5.1.1.1.1.3 Infrastructure
5.1.1.1.1.3.1 Composed of activities from an external and behavioral point of view,
5.2 Culture
5.2.1 mental rules to act and speak
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