Hydrocarbons

Suzanna
Mind Map by , created almost 6 years ago

A mind map of iGCSE and basic A level hydrocarbon information. All you need to know summarised.

22
2
0
Tags
Suzanna
Created by Suzanna almost 6 years ago
Properties of hydrocarbons
megan johnson
AQA (9-1) Topic 7
https:// revisechemistry.uk
0654 Topic C14 Organic Chemistry Quiz
Jeffrey Piggott
Electromagnetism: Magnetic Flux Density & Magnetic Flux 2
tatemae.honne
Physics Review!
Nicholas Weiss
Crude Oils and others quiz
Dale George
every organic chemistry definition you need to know for leaving cert
Rebecca O Toole
Chemistry 5 Cracking Hydrocarbons GCSE Core
Chloe Roberts
Basic Concepts of Organic Chemistry
Bee Brittain
Crude oil, hydrocarbons and alkanes
megan johnson
Hydrocarbons
1 Alkenes
1.1
1.2
1.3 Unsaturated - Double bond
1.3.1 Can make addition reactions
1.3.1.1 Addition
1.3.1.1.1 Alkenes
1.3.1.1.2 Polymer : -(CH2-CH2)- n
1.3.1.1.3 Monomer : n(CH2=CH2)
1.4 General Formula - C(n)H(2n)
1.5 no Methene Ethene Propene Butene Pentene Hexene
1.6 Decolourises bromine water
1.7 Polyethene Polychloroethene Polypropene
1.7.1 Bags & Bottles
1.7.2 Fake Leather
1.7.3 Crates & Ropes
1.7.4 Polymerisation
1.7.4.1 Condensation
1.7.4.1.1 2 monomers join
1.7.4.1.1.1 release H2O or HCl
1.7.4.1.2 1,6 - diaminohexane hexanediomic acid
1.7.4.1.2.1 NYLON
1.7.4.1.2.1.1 made by - dicarboxylic acid + diamine
1.7.4.1.2.1.1.1 creates Amide or Peptide link
1.7.4.1.2.1.1.1.1 -(CO-NH)- +H2O
2 Carboxilic Acids
2.1 Ethanoic acid (Vinegar)
2.2 COOH
2.3 C(n-1)H(2n-1)COOH
3 Alcohols
3.1 Methanol Ethanol etc.
3.1.1 Direct Hydration
3.1.1.1 Steam & Ethene
3.1.1.2 C2H4 + H2O --> C2H5OH
3.1.1.3 - Phosphoric Acid - 300'C - 7atm pressure
3.1.2 Fermentation
3.1.2.1 36'C - anaerobic
3.1.2.2 Yeast & Glucose
3.1.2.3 C6H12O6 --> 2(C2H5OH) + 2(CO2)
3.2 General Formula - C(n)H(2n+1)OH
3.3 'OH'
4 Alkanes
4.1 Doesn't decolourise bromine water
4.2 Complete combustion = CO2 + H2O
4.3 Incomplete combustion = CO + H2O
4.4 Saturated - cannot make addition reactions
4.5 General Formula - C(n) H(2n+2)
4.6 Methane Ethane Propane Butane Pentane Hexane
5 Homologous Series
5.1 Same chemical properties Same functional group Same general formula Trend in physical properties Neighbouring members differ by CH2

Media attachments