1.1.1 Not just a histoical phenomenon! An
ideology: A way of seeing the world.
Here - There. Civilzation - Savage
1.1.2 Misrepresentation of the Middle east
18.104.22.168 Edward Said: 'Orientalism'. Historians/ literary
and cultural studies scholars for the imitation or
depiction of aspects of Middle Eastern.
22.214.171.124.1 The West dominates and restricts
126.96.36.199.2 The world is made up of
two unequal halves,
Orient and Occident)
188.8.131.52 The Subaltern: Kurtz mistress.
Vicariously viewed through
Conrad/Marlow, don't know her
184.108.40.206 Fanon says typical for the settler to
present the native as utterly evil
1.1.3 Shift in identifying with the colonized, when he effectively
becomes British he now becomes "colonizer"
220.127.116.11 Almayers Folly
18.104.22.168.1 Conrad may have been doing
something quite radical here
22.214.171.124.2 Character of Nina (a half-caste) in a white community
1.2.1 Achebe says that it is (perceived) as necessary
for Western psychology to set up Africa as a
foil to Europe
126.96.36.199 'The other world'
188.8.131.52.1 An antithesis of Europe + civilization
184.108.40.206 'Prehistoric earth'
220.127.116.11 Denounced a 'bloody racist'
18.104.22.168 Was he racist?
22.214.171.124.1 Najder: could feel 'solidarity' with Marlowe while
126.96.36.199.1.1 The character is in fact a distancing device.
1.3 During the century people were recognizing the
difference between the (often religious or idealistic )
propaganda of imperialism and the extents of its
1.4 Can a texts be read
OR serve political
1.4.1 To reconstruct Eurocentric
and patriarchal binarisms
2.1 'My task which I am trying to achieve is, by
the power of the written word is to make you
hear, to make you feel - it is, before all, to
make you see'
2.1.1 'See' = implies readers visualization. To
2.1.2 'Life did not narrate, but mode impressions on our brains.'
- Ford Madox Ford, Joseph Conrad: A Personal
2.2 Delayed decoding
2.2.1 The writer confronts us with effect while with holding knowledge of its course.
Eventual explanation may not erase strong impression of events strangeness
(partic. HOD = Heads on stakes)
188.8.131.52 'These round knobs were not oramental... those
heads on stakes... I was not so shocked as you may
184.108.40.206.1 Trying to cling to the familiar. But seems the strange has become familiar/
220.127.116.11.2 Casual, nonchalant acknowledge
2.2.2 Is at the novels core.
18.104.22.168 'Maintain general atmosphere of pointless activity; while the plot, when we eventually percieve it,
makes a bitter comment on the evolutionary doctrine of the 'survival of the fittest + politcal doctrine that
the white man has a moral right to rule Africa' A Preface to Conrad - Cedric Watts
2.3.2 To be realistic is to
2.3.3 To be
realistic is to
2.4 Nested Narrative - 'Story within a story'
2.4.1 A meandering narrative, deffering from what we
most want to know/see, Conrad's evasiveness in
3.1 Quoted himself as 'modern'
3.1.1 In it's essence [my work] is action... action of human beings that will bleed to a
prick, and are moving in a visible word' Letters II, P.418
22.214.171.124 Stape in The Cambridge Companion to Joseph Conrad argues: 'realism' made his
modernism. Letter associates with realism, while Kurtz' perception of 'horror' like that of
T.S Eliot's 'The Hollow Men', still clings to the nineteenth century image of the hero. Lord
Jim = Tales of heroic self-justification
3.2 The intrinsic
and p.o.v its
3.3 Anticipates postm.
3.3.1 Weakens sense of the world
126.96.36.199 Narrative, time and geography dominated by Europe
4 Conflicts and Paradoxes
4.1 Civilization can be barbaric
4.2 Awareness is better than
unawareness, but soon becomes
more beneficial to remain ignorant
4.3 Association with white and black is exploited
4.3.1 The city being 'sepulchral'
4.3.2 London 'brooding gloom'
4.3.3 Ivory trade
188.8.131.52 Back in London is hints of it 'grand piano stood massively in
the corner, dark gleams on the flat surfaces like a sombre and