Class differences in education

Mind Map by , created almost 6 years ago

A Levels Sociology (Education) Mind Map on Class differences in education, created by dottydiva96 on 01/04/2014.

Created by dottydiva96 almost 6 years ago
SCLY 2 - Education - Topic 1 - Class (AQA AS sociology)
AQA A-Level Sociology: Class Differences in Achievement (External Factors) - Cultural Deprivation
Rhiann .
AQA A-Level Sociology: Class Differences in Achievement - Streaming
Rhiann .
An Inspector Calls: Characters
AQA A-Level Sociology: Gender Differences in Education - Identity, Class & Girls' Achievement
Rhiann .
Roles of Education
Isobel Wagner
AQA A-Level Sociology: Class Differences in Achievement (External Factors) - Material Deprivation
Rhiann .
AQA A-Level Sociology: Gender Differences in Education - Boys and Achievement
Rhiann .
Class differences in education
1 External factors
1.1 Cultural deprivation
1.1.1 WC lack cultural attitudes and skills for success
1.1.2 Intellectual development Lack learning resources Toy banks, Sure Start Douglas - WC score lower on ability tests than MC
1.1.3 Language WC - restricted code Limited vocabulary, poor gramar English compulsory MC - elaborate code Eloquent - used in text books and by teachers
1.1.4 Attitudes and values Douglas - WC parents less enthusiastic about edu Hyman - attitudes of the WC are a 'self-imposed barrier' to edu success Sugarman Fatalism: WC believe in fate Collectivism: being part of a group more important Immediate gratification: seek fun now Present-time orientation: now is most important
1.1.5 Keddie argues culturally different not deprived Blames school system for MC benefit only
2 Compensatory education
2.1 Policy designed to target cultural deprivation
2.2 Sure Start, parenting classes
3 Material deprivation
3.1 33% of FSM got 5A* - C
3.2 Housing
3.2.1 Overcrowding and disruption
3.2.2 Poor housing = illness
3.3 Diet and health
3.3.1 Poor nurition
3.3.2 WC more likely to have behavioural/emotional disorders
3.4 Finances
3.4.1 Lack equipment
3.4.2 More likely to work instead of uni
4 Cultural capital
4.1 Bourdieu: three types of capital
4.2 Cultural capital
4.2.1 Knowledge, attitudes, values, tastes and abilities of MC
4.2.2 Socialisation - more analytical and intellectual
4.3 Educational and economic capital
4.3.1 90% of failing schools are in deprived areas
4.3.2 Selection by mortgage - MC can afford houses around better schools
5 Gerwitz: marketisation and parental choice
5.1 Idenitifies three types of parents
5.2 Privileged-skilled choosers
5.2.1 MC parents used their economic and cultural capital to get children into good schools
5.2.2 Understood school system and admin Can afford tutors and extra tests
5.2.3 Could afford to move close to school/send children to schools further away
5.3 Disconnected-local choosers
5.3.1 Lack understanding and cultural and economic capital
5.3.2 Valued safety and facilities over league tables
5.4 Semi-skilled choosers
5.4.1 WC but ambitious for children
5.4.2 Lack cultural capital and had to rely on opinions of others

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