VATICAN II

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Western Australian Certificate of Education (WACE) Religion and Life (Ecumenical Councils) Mind Map on VATICAN II, created by Cody Ritchie on 03/01/2016.
Cody Ritchie
Mind Map by Cody Ritchie, updated more than 1 year ago
Cody Ritchie
Created by Cody Ritchie about 8 years ago
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Resource summary

VATICAN II
  1. WHAT WAS VATICAN II?
    1. The 21st ecumenical council
      1. From 1962-1965
        1. 2500 bishops, theological experts, other officials and observers
          1. St. Peters Basilica in Rome
            1. Debate the future of catholicism
              1. Was called to respond positively to:
                1. challenges facing the modern world
                  1. update aspects of the church that could be updated
                    1. reach out to other Christians in a spirit of reconsiliation
                    2. Desires of Pope John Paul XXIII
                      1. Called January 25th, 1959
                      2. THE COUNCIL AND ITS DOCUMENTS
                        1. Work of council revolved around drafting, debating, amending and approving texts
                          1. Several draft documents, seminary textbooks
                            1. Philosophical
                              1. Abstract
                                1. Heavily reliant on past papal pronoucements
                                  1. Defensive toward other views
                                  2. Reflected little of the biblical, liturgical and theological revivals going on at the time in Europe
                                  3. RESPONDING TO CONTEMPORARY ISSUES
                                    1. End of WWII
                                      1. Increase in migration (introduction to non Christian religions into predominantly Christian societies)
                                        1. Spread of communism
                                          1. Economic prosperity
                                            1. Growth of the public school systems
                                              1. The civil rights movements
                                                1. The Feminism Movement
                                                  1. Sexual Revolution
                                                    1. Television became a powerful mass medium
                                                      1. Introduction of the contraceptive pill (1961 in Australia)
                                                      2. CHARACTERISTICS OF CATHOLICISM - PRE VATICAN II
                                                        1. 'Loss of the papal states, fear of modernism - Catholicism lived in fortress mentality
                                                          1. Church was in need of reform in relation to its mission
                                                            1. The mission being to "go throughout the whole world and preach the Gospel to all mankind" (Mark 16:15"
                                                            2. Australia 1950s
                                                              1. Boom time, major cities and parishes grew
                                                                1. High level of attendance at mass, regular confession
                                                                  1. Catholics generally kept company with one another, and kept distance from other faiths
                                                                2. THE NEED FOR VATICAN II
                                                                  1. Papal Voices
                                                                    1. Voices of Council Fathers
                                                                      1. Aggiornamento
                                                                        1. Translated to 'bringing up to date'
                                                                          1. Christian unity was Pope's distant goal
                                                                            1. Immediate aim - 'let some fresh air into the church and within her, an aggiornamento
                                                                          2. PERSONALITIES OF VATICAN II
                                                                            1. PAPAL
                                                                              1. Pope John XXIII
                                                                                1. Announcement of council only came three months after the installation of the ageing Pope
                                                                                  1. Announcement of council was met with 'devout and impressive silence'
                                                                                    1. Passed away 1963, 'called to defend the rights of the human person and not merely those of the Catholic Church
                                                                                    2. Pope Paul VI
                                                                                      1. Pope Paul reconvened council and directed the completion of its work
                                                                                        1. April 23rd, 1966 - addressed the Roman Curia, a body regarded very largely as conservative in the council. 'Adherence to the decisions of the Council must be wholehearted and without reserve...'
                                                                                        2. Pope John Paul II
                                                                                          1. Attended council, but was not notably prominent.
                                                                                            1. 'No council has even spoken so clearly about Christian unity'
                                                                                        3. DOCUMENTS
                                                                                          1. Constitutions
                                                                                            1. The Church
                                                                                              1. The Church in the Modern World
                                                                                                1. Sacred Liturgy
                                                                                                  1. Revelation
                                                                                                  2. Decrees
                                                                                                    1. The Spiritual Life
                                                                                                      1. Unity among Christians
                                                                                                        1. The Role and Training of Priests
                                                                                                          1. Religious Life
                                                                                                            1. The Eastern Catholic Churches
                                                                                                              1. The Role of Churches
                                                                                                                1. The Laity
                                                                                                                2. Declarations
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