ESL Methods & Approaches

lhara
Mind Map by lhara, updated more than 1 year ago
lhara
Created by lhara about 5 years ago
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ESL Methods & Approaches
1 Approaches
1.1 Grammatical Approach
1.1.1 Knowing about a language rather than how to use language for communication
1.1.1.1 Does not provide comprehensible input
1.1.1.1.1 CLD learners who receive grammar-based instruction do worse on standardized tests than students who receive other methods of instruction
1.2 Communicative Approach
1.2.1 Methods
1.2.1.1 ICB (Intergrated Content-Based)
1.2.1.1.1 Content-based second language instruction using academic thematic units
1.2.1.1.1.1 Theme
1.2.1.1.1.1.1 Relevant Topics
1.2.1.1.1.1.1.1 Language and Content Objectives
1.2.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Appropriate Instructional Materials
1.2.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Classroom Environment
1.2.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Preteaching key content vocabulary
1.2.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Building Background
1.2.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Collaborative Learning
1.2.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Authentic Activities
1.2.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Cognitive Engagement
1.2.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Visual Support and Graphic Organizers
1.2.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Learning Centers
1.2.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Formative and Summative assessment
1.2.1.1.1.2 ICB strategies and techniques are crucial to the academic success of CLD learners
1.2.1.2 Sheltered Instruction
1.2.1.2.1 Combines philosophies, strategies, and techniques that appropriately recognize the many challenges CLD students face
1.2.1.2.1.1 Provides instruction that is comprehensible, relevant, and motivating
1.2.1.2.1.1.1 Emphasizes language and content objectives
1.2.1.2.1.1.1.1 SI methods, strategies, and techniques are essential to the academic success of CLD learners
1.2.1.2.2 Hands-on Activities
1.2.1.2.2.1 Cooperative Learning
1.2.1.2.2.1.1 Guarded Vocabulary
1.2.1.2.2.1.1.1 Visuals
1.2.1.2.2.1.1.1.1 Scaffolding
1.2.2 Based on constructivist theories: meaning is drawn from experience and social interaction
1.2.2.1 Providing a language-rich environment for language acquisition
1.2.2.1.1 CLD learners need meaningful social and communicative interaction in the target language
1.3 Cognitive Approach
1.3.1 Methods
1.3.1.1 CALLA
1.3.1.1.1 Focuses on explicitly teaching CLD students to understand and tactifully apply metacognitive, cognitive, and social/affective strategies.
1.3.1.1.1.1 Academic Content
1.3.1.1.1.1.1 Academic Language
1.3.1.1.1.1.1.1 Learning Strategies
1.3.1.1.2 Five phases: preparation, presentation, practice, evaluation, and expansion
1.3.1.1.2.1 THe most successful CLD learners use multiple strategies flexibly and complex strategies appropriately
1.3.1.1.2.1.1 See attached resource: The CALLA Method Mind Map

Attachments:

1.3.2 Focuses on the learners' background knowledge and socialization experiences to facilitate connections
1.3.2.1 Utilizes cognitive, metacognitive, and social/affective learning strategies
1.3.2.1.1 Emphasizes a variety of educational interests relevant to the CLD learner
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