Neoclassical Era

Sarahi Delgado0228
Mind Map by , created over 3 years ago

5th English Literature Mind Map on Neoclassical Era, created by Sarahi Delgado0228 on 03/11/2016.

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Sarahi Delgado0228
Created by Sarahi Delgado0228 over 3 years ago
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Neoclassical Era
1 "Age of reason" and "Era of logic"
2 Also called
3 It was the predominant movement in European art and architecture during the late 18th and early 19th centuries. It reflected a desire to rekindle the spirit and forms of classical art from ancient Greece and Rome
3.1 Neoclassicism was also a reaction against the ostentation of Baroque art and the decadent frivololity of the decorative Rococo school, championed by the French court
3.1.1 And also partly stimulated by the discovery of Roman ruins at Herculaneum and Pompeii (1738-50)
3.1.1.1 All this led to...
3.1.1.1.1 A revival of neoclassical painting, sculpture and architectural design
3.1.1.1.1.1 Neoclassical works (paintings and sculptures) were serious, unemotional, and sternly heroic. Neoclassical painters depicted subjects from Classical literature and history, as used in earlier Greek art and Republican Roman art, using sombre colours with occasional brilliant highlights, to convey moral narratives of self-denial and self-sacrifice fully in keeping with the supposed ethical superiority of Antiquity. Neoclassical architecture was more ordered and less grandiose than Baroque.
3.1.1.1.1.1.1
4 "NEO" (new) + CLASSICAL
5 Neoclassical literature is characterized by order, accuracy, and structure. Neoclassical literature is divided into three stages: RESTORATION, AUGUSTAN AND SENSIBILITY AGE
5.1 RESTORATION LITERATURE, 1600-1700
5.1.1 Dryden was the most influential writer of the Restoration, for he wrote in every form important to the period (occasional verse, comedy, tragedy, heroic plays, odes, satires, translations of classical works) and produced influential critical essays concerning how one ought to write these forms. Restoration prose style grew more like witty, urbane conversation and less like the intricate, rhetorical style of previous writers like John Milton and John Donne.
5.1.1.1 Simultaneously, Restoration literature continued to appeal to heroic ideals of love and honor, particularly on stage, in heroic tragedy. The other major dramatic genre was the Restoration comedy of manners, which emphasizes sexual intrigue and satirizes the elite's social behavior with witty dialogue.
5.1.1.1.1 AUGUSTAN ERA 1700-1745
5.1.1.1.1.1 The Augustan era of writers like Swift, Defoe, Pope, Addison, and Steele was rich in satire and new prose forms that blended fact and fiction, such as news, criminal biographies, travelogues, political allegories, and romantic tales. Early eighteenth-century drama saw the development of "sentimental comedy" in which goodness and high moral sentiments are emphasized, and the audience is moved not only to laughter, but also to sympathetic tears.
5.1.1.1.1.1.1 AGE OF JOHNSON 1740-1785
5.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Novelists became better known than poets, and intellectual prose forms such as the essay proliferated. The mid-eighteenth century is often referred to as the "Age of Johnson" after the renowned essayist Samuel Johnson, who in 1755 wrote one of the first English dictionaries to define word meanings by employing quotations taken from the best English writers, past and present.
5.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 The late eighteenth century saw a medieval revival, in which writers venerated and imitated archaic language and forms. One important development of this movement was the Gothic novel, which typically features such forbidden themes as incest, murder, necrophilia, atheism, and sexual desire. Late eighteenth-century poetry tends to emphasize melancholy, isolation, and reflection, in distinction to the intensely social, often satirical verse of earlier in the period.
5.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Literature