1.1.1 The government was forced to replace its leader Matyas Rakosi with
a new one Erno Gero. This was due to the destalinisation going on at
the time. Tito wanted this as he thought they may look to Belgrade
and not Moscow.
22.214.171.124 Protestors wanted to appoint Imre Nagy and demanded the
withdrawal of Soviet troops. This all occurred on the 23rd of
October 1956in Budapest with Polish reformers again
encouraged by Tito.
126.96.36.199.1 The protestors attacked the Radio station
and so Gero appoints Nagy as Prime
Minister to avoid any further violence.
188.8.131.52.1.1 USSR mobilises 30000 troops as well as artillery and
tanks. Krushchev tries to reconcile with the Declaration
on the Principles of Development and a Further
Strengthening Friendship and Co-Operation between
the USSR and other Socialist Countries'. This was an
attempt to to provide mutually agree a framework that
was also legal.However, this does not stop Nagy from
threatening to leave the Eastern Bloc and become an
independent state. If this occurred then the other states
would most likely follow.
184.108.40.206.1.1.1 US Policy
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168 The Radio Free Europe station sponsored by the USA
encouraged the Hungarians to revolt. They were told
NATO would intervene even if it wouldn't. However
Eisenhower fearful of nuclear war states to the USSR
that they would not save Nagy and had no interest in
using the satellite states as military allies.
22.214.171.124.1.1.2 The Suez crisis causes a Soviet troop advance and after some fighting a USSR
loyal government lead by Janos Kader was installed.
1.2.1 Shows the USSR feels threatened and was beginning
to show signs of weakness, however, the US was still
scared of what may happen if the Eastern Bloc was
attacked. Shows that the superpowers still relied on
the principle of MAD but that the USA was trying to
break up the Eastern Bloc if it could.
2 Suez Crisis
2.1 What Happened
2.1.1 Egypt decided to take control of the Suez Canal and
this gave them an excuse to get rid of Nasser who
had been working with the USSR up until now and
been getting their support. This canal, however,
was owned by GB and France which is what gave
them the excuse to do this. To do this they decided
to invade the area around the Suez Canal They did
this with a force of 80000 using the 1954
Anglo-Egyptian agreement to justify it all. When
Isreal attacked GB and France demanded the
withdrawal of the Egyptian troops even though they
hadn't been the aggressors. They denied so GB
bombed Egyptian airfields.
126.96.36.199 US intervention
188.8.131.52.1 The US not only says in NATO that the attack is
wrong but does not lend any money o the British.
This was because the US thought that the British
and French were trying to prop up their empires.
Also, Eisenhower was going through an election
at the time. Through all of his pressure,
Eisenhower stopped fighting on November 6th
just days before the British and French had
control of the whole canal.
184.108.40.206.1.1 This was because the US did not want the USSR to
gain allies in the middle east and to avoid criticism
for not doing anything in Hungary. Also, this meant
that they were forced to choose between
Anglo-french colonialism and the Middle Easts'
nationalism. By choosing the later they hoped to
counter any gains the USSR would make in the
3 Polish Uprising June-October
3.1 What Hapenned
3.1.1 Riots break out in Poznan where local
factory workers protested about increased
work targets. They were put down with
heavy casualties but to overcome the
bitterness the Polish Communist Paty
turned to its former leader Gomulka after
he was released from Prison. Soviets sent
in a high-powered delegation and ordered
the Red army that was there to advance on
the city but was withdrawn on the
assurances of Gomulka that they would
remain a Warsaw Pact state.
3.2.1 It shows that the USSR was
not all powerful as it could
not take on Poland as well as
Hungary at the same time
and a new side to it as before
they would have been
crushed there and then.