The Uprisings and Crisis 1956

Thomas Marshall
Mind Map by Thomas Marshall, updated more than 1 year ago
Thomas Marshall
Created by Thomas Marshall about 4 years ago


A mind map on the crises that occurs in 1956

Resource summary

The Uprisings and Crisis 1956
1 Hungarian Uprising
1.1 What Happened
1.1.1 The government was forced to replace its leader Matyas Rakosi with a new one Erno Gero. This was due to the destalinisation going on at the time. Tito wanted this as he thought they may look to Belgrade and not Moscow. Protestors wanted to appoint Imre Nagy and demanded the withdrawal of Soviet troops. This all occurred on the 23rd of October 1956in Budapest with Polish reformers again encouraged by Tito. The protestors attacked the Radio station and so Gero appoints Nagy as Prime Minister to avoid any further violence. USSR mobilises 30000 troops as well as artillery and tanks. Krushchev tries to reconcile with the Declaration on the Principles of Development and a Further Strengthening Friendship and Co-Operation between the USSR and other Socialist Countries'. This was an attempt to to provide mutually agree a framework that was also legal.However, this does not stop Nagy from threatening to leave the Eastern Bloc and become an independent state. If this occurred then the other states would most likely follow. US Policy The Radio Free Europe station sponsored by the USA encouraged the Hungarians to revolt. They were told NATO would intervene even if it wouldn't. However Eisenhower fearful of nuclear war states to the USSR that they would not save Nagy and had no interest in using the satellite states as military allies. The Suez crisis causes a Soviet troop advance and after some fighting a USSR loyal government lead by Janos Kader was installed.
1.2 Impact
1.2.1 Shows the USSR feels threatened and was beginning to show signs of weakness, however, the US was still scared of what may happen if the Eastern Bloc was attacked. Shows that the superpowers still relied on the principle of MAD but that the USA was trying to break up the Eastern Bloc if it could.
2 Suez Crisis
2.1 What Happened
2.1.1 Egypt decided to take control of the Suez Canal and this gave them an excuse to get rid of Nasser who had been working with the USSR up until now and been getting their support. This canal, however, was owned by GB and France which is what gave them the excuse to do this. To do this they decided to invade the area around the Suez Canal They did this with a force of 80000 using the 1954 Anglo-Egyptian agreement to justify it all. When Isreal attacked GB and France demanded the withdrawal of the Egyptian troops even though they hadn't been the aggressors. They denied so GB bombed Egyptian airfields. US intervention The US not only says in NATO that the attack is wrong but does not lend any money o the British. This was because the US thought that the British and French were trying to prop up their empires. Also, Eisenhower was going through an election at the time. Through all of his pressure, Eisenhower stopped fighting on November 6th just days before the British and French had control of the whole canal. This was because the US did not want the USSR to gain allies in the middle east and to avoid criticism for not doing anything in Hungary. Also, this meant that they were forced to choose between Anglo-french colonialism and the Middle Easts' nationalism. By choosing the later they hoped to counter any gains the USSR would make in the situation.
2.2 Impact
3 Polish Uprising June-October 1956
3.1 What Hapenned
3.1.1 Riots break out in Poznan where local factory workers protested about increased work targets. They were put down with heavy casualties but to overcome the bitterness the Polish Communist Paty turned to its former leader Gomulka after he was released from Prison. Soviets sent in a high-powered delegation and ordered the Red army that was there to advance on the city but was withdrawn on the assurances of Gomulka that they would remain a Warsaw Pact state.
3.2 Impact
3.2.1 It shows that the USSR was not all powerful as it could not take on Poland as well as Hungary at the same time and a new side to it as before they would have been crushed there and then.
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