Relative clauses

ann_r.10
Mind Map by ann_r.10, updated more than 1 year ago
ann_r.10
Created by ann_r.10 about 4 years ago
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SUBJECT OR NON-DEFINNING , OMITTING THE RELATIVE PRONOUN, WHICH, WHO & THAT
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Relative clauses
1 Relative clauses give extra information about a noun in the main clause. Begin with a relative pronoun (who, which, that, whom, whose)
2 The relative pronoun can refer to the subject of the clause.
2.1 Example: That's the woman who bought my car.
2.2 Or the relative pronoun can refer to the object of the clause.
2.2.1 Example: This is the cart that I used to own.
3 Defining or non-defining
3.1 Defining clauses give important information which tells us exactly what is being referred to
3.1.1 Example: The book with you lent me is really good
4 Omitting the relative pronoun: In a defining relative clause we can leave out the relative pronoun if it is the object of the clause. Example: That's the car that I used to own.
5 WICH, WHO & THAT: That instead of which
5.1 That instead of which: When we talk about things, that is often used instead of which in defining clauses.
6 WHOM & WHOSE: Whom is the object form of who. Its use is generally written or formal. Whom has to be used after prepositions. WHOSE means of whom, and usually refers to people.
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