War and Peace

riana_rabadia
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

gcse RE Mind Map on War and Peace, created by riana_rabadia on 01/20/2014.

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riana_rabadia
Created by riana_rabadia over 5 years ago
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War and Peace
1 Hinduism
1.1 Hindu sacred texts on war
1.1.1 Hindu attitudes to war and peace are based on the teachings of Hindu sacred texts such as the Vedas, the Laws of Manu and the Bhagavad Gita.
1.1.2 Ahimsa (a very important belief in Hinduism) means trying to fight injustice and evil but without using any physical force.
2 Christianity
2.1 Biblical Teachings About War
2.1.1 The Old Testament
2.1.1.1 The famous Old Testament quotation used to justify war: "But if there is serious injury, you are to take life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot." Exodus 21:23-24
2.1.1.1.1 The words are intended to limit revenge, not encourage vengeance. But revenge is not consistent with the later teaching of Jesus.
2.1.2 The New Testament
2.1.2.1 Jesus is often described as a pacifist. He taught: "Blessed are the peacemakers for they will be called the children of God." Matthew 5.9
2.1.2.1.1 When he was arrested in the Garden of Gethsemane, his disciples wanted to defend him: When Jesus’ followers saw what was going to happen, they said, ‘Lord, should we strike with our swords?’ And one of them struck the servant of the high priest, cutting off his right ear. But Jesus answered, ‘No more of this!’ And he touched the man’s ear and healed him. Luke 22:49-51
2.1.3 The Sixth Commandment (from the Ten Commandments, given to Moses) says, ‘You shall not murder,’ but there are occasions when the Jewish people are told by God to attack people who oppose them.
2.1.4 Jesus' Anger
2.1.4.1 There are two occasions in the gospels when Jesus is obviously angry. One of these is in the Temple in Jerusalem: Jesus entered the temple area and drove out all who were buying and selling there. He overturned the tables of the money-changers and the benches of those selling doves. ‘It is written,’ he said to them. ‘My house will be called a house of prayer, but you are making it a den of robbers.’ Matthew 21:12-13
2.1.4.1.1 The other event takes place outside of Jerusalem, Early in the morning, as he was on his way back to the city, he was hungry. Seeing a fig tree by the road, he went up to it but found nothing on it except leaves. Then he said to it, ‘May you never bear fruit again!’ Immediately the tree withered.’ Matthew 21:18-19
2.1.5 Most Christians believe that war and fighting are wrong except in the most severe cases and they base their views on Jesus’ teaching about love: A new command I give you: love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another. John 13:34
2.2 Involvement In War
2.2.1 In the past there have been many occasions when Christians have fought wars and when Christian countries have fought each other including:
2.2.1.1 The Crusades
2.2.1.2 The First and Second World Wars
2.2.1.3 Wars in Vietnam, Korea, the Falklands/Malvinos, South Africa, and Northern Ireland
2.3 Pacifism
2.3.1 Some Christians, such as The Religious Society of Friends (Quakers), are totally opposed to fighting and during warfare they are conscientious objectors (taking a public stance against conflict).
2.3.1.1 They are prepared to go into battle driving ambulances or doing other duties but they will not fight.
2.3.2 Other Christians are prepared to fight in the armed services and there are always chaplains attached to military units.
2.3.3 Christians believe that they should protest when injustice is being done against other people, even though they may not be Christians.
3 Sikhism
4 Islam
5 Judaiam
6 Just War Theory

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