Directives & Direct Effect

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Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

Sources of EU LAw Mind Map on Directives & Direct Effect, created by grantcat69 on 04/18/2013.

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Created by grantcat69 over 6 years ago
Indirect effect
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EUROPEAN COURT OF JUSTICE
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Direct Effect
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OCR A-Level Computer Science from 2015 - Chapter 8 (Applications Generation)
Tyrone Muriithi
SFDC App Builder 1 (1-25)
Connie Woolard
Sources of EU Law
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Article 101
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SUPREMACY
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Van Gend en Loos
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Directives & Direct Effect
1 Article 288
1.1 directives are binding
2 not directly applicable
2.1 do not automatically become law
2.1.1 MS chooses how to implement law
3 van Gend en Loos test
3.1 precise, clear, unconditional & create rights
3.2 they are conditional so fail Van Gend test
4 Vertical effect
4.1 directive can never be horizontial direct effect
5 severely limited
6 van Duyn v Home Office
6.1 free movement of workers
6.1.1 Art 45
6.1.2 Directive 64
7 Marshall v Southhampton & SW Hampshire
7.1 different retirement ages
7.1.1 Art 267
7.2 "emanation of the state"
7.2.1 provides public service; under state control & has special powers
8 Foster v British Gas
8.1 similar to Marshall
8.2 emanation of the state
8.3 ECJ - "Subject to the authority or control of the state"

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