Direct Effect

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Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

Sources of EU LAw Mind Map on Direct Effect, created by grantcat69 on 04/18/2013.

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Created by grantcat69 over 6 years ago
Indirect effect
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Van Gend en Loos
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Article 101
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SUPREMACY
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Faith Akinyeye
Direct Effect
1 SUPREMACY
1.1 applied harmoniously
1.2 relationships between MS & the EU
2 Regulations
2.1 clear, precise, unconditional & creates a right
2.1.1 no further action needed
2.2 Creation of direct effect
2.3 van Gend en Loos
2.4 Defrenne V SABENA
2.4.1 horizontal & vertical
2.5 directly applicable
2.6 automatically becomes law
3 Horizonital effect
3.1 individuals v individuals
3.1.1 there cannot be horizontal effect with Directives
3.1.2 individuals can form rights
4 Vertical effect
4.1 provision/obligation against the state
4.1.1 Article 258
5 automatically enforceable
5.1 creates actual obligations
6 Article 288
6.1 creates obligations
6.2 "binding in entirety to whom addressed"
6.3 "general application & directly applicable
6.4 not created in Treaties
7 Decisions
7.1 Grad v Finanzamt
8 SUPRANATIONALISM
8.1 citizens can enforce EU laws

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