1.1.1 Cases that involve a plaintiff suing another person for damages and money
18.104.22.168 Plaintiff - the person filing the lawsuit
22.214.171.124 Defendant - the person being sued
1.2.1 Less serious crimes that are punishable with less than 1 year in prison
126.96.36.199 Larceny (shoplifting)
188.8.131.52 Murder or Homicide
184.108.40.206 Burglary (Breaking and Entering)
1.4 Steps of a Criminal Case:
1.4.1 A crime is committed
220.127.116.11 Police investigate
18.104.22.168.1 Arrest a suspect
22.214.171.124.1.1 Booking. Fingerprints are taken and their mug shot.
126.96.36.199.1.1.1 Preliminary Hearing (1st time before a judge)
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206 Arraignment. Suspect is innocent or guilty.
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.1 If suspect pleads guilty, a trial date is set.
2 Constitutional Law
2.1 Administrative Law
2.1.1 the body of law that governs the activities of administrative
agencies of government.
2.2 Cases over constitutional issues
2.2.1 Gideon vs Wainwright
22.214.171.124 Established right to a lawyer
126.96.36.199.1 Sixth Amendment
188.8.131.52.1.1 Guarantees right to lawyer, trial by jury, and a speedy and public trial
3 US Supreme Court
3.1 Furman vs. Georgia (1972): suspended the use of the death
penalty. The Supreme Court ruled the way the death penalty was
being used was "arbitrarily". "freakish". The ban on the death
penalty would last years.
3.2 Miranda v. Arizona: "Mirandizing" someone came from this case;
Ernesto Miranda was arrested, by the Phoenix Police Department,
based on circumstantial evidence linking him to the kidnapping
and rape of an eighteen-year-old woman ten days earlier
3.3 Mapp v. Ohio (1961): criminal procedure, in which the United
States Supreme Court decided that evidence obtained in violation
of the Fourth Amendment may not be used in state law criminal
prosecutions in state courts.
3.4 Gregg v. Georgia (1976): reaffirmed the United States Supreme Court's
acceptance of the use of the death penalty in the United States,
upholding, in particular, the death sentence imposed on Troy Leon Gregg