Political Parties

XAK
Mind Map by XAK, updated more than 1 year ago
XAK
Created by XAK over 5 years ago
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Political Parties
  1. Major Parties and Ideology
    1. Democrats e.g. Barack Obama
      1. Conservative Democrats
        1. Liberal Democrats
          1. Liberal = seeks to change political, economic and social status quo in favour of those slightly more disadvantaged
          2. Republicans e.g. George Bush
            1. Compassionate Conservatives e.g. Bush Jr
              1. South tends to be more republican
                1. Conservative = seeks to defend the political, economic and social status quo
              2. Polarisation of American Politics
                1. The break of the Solid South
                  1. Yellow Dog Democrats. In 1960 elections 99 of 106 HR's were democrats
                    1. In the 10 consequent elections they lost south to Republicans. in 1994 the republicans had 64 seats in HR
                      1. Significant amount of conservative democrats moved to republicans
                      2. 50/50 Nation = 2000 election both major parties ended up with around 49% of the popular vote, leading to red and blue states
                      3. Two Party System
                        1. Defines as two parties who regularly win more than 80% of the vote.
                          1. Reasons for: FPTP System makes it difficult for 3rd parties, the two parties encompass a wide range of ideology, major parties becomes more responsive in primary elections
                            1. Reasons against: The US has a 50 party system because state parties are very different. One Party System; Mark Shields "two republican parties separated by the issue of abortion"
                            2. Third Parties
                              1. E.g. Reform Party, Libertarian Party and Green Party. All had candidates on all ballots in 50 states in 2000
                                1. 2000 election Nader possibly impacted Gore "stealing his votes" helping Bush win
                                  1. Difficulties: FPTP, Do not qualify for matching funds to run in election (except Wallace, Anderson and Perot), Ballot access laws are different in every state, lack of resources and media coverage, allegations of extremism and co-optation.
                                  2. Tea Party Movement
                                    1. Believe: strict adherence to constitution, limited government, reducing size and scope of fed govt, reducing govt spending and nation debt and budget deficit.
                                      1. 2010 it was very popular 28 HRs
                                        1. Less popular today but very influential in watering down the ACA with abortion
                                        2. Theories of Party Renewal/Decline
                                          1. Party Decline (Broder): Parties have lost control over candidate selection, lost communication with voters. voting has become candidate centred and there has been the emergence of movements.
                                            1. Party Renewal: Theories of party decline are exaggerated, Increased party involvement in presidential nominations, nationalisation of campaigns, increased partisanship in congress
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