The Demographic Transition Model

maddiemurchie23
Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

Geography (Population) Mind Map on The Demographic Transition Model, created by maddiemurchie23 on 04/21/2013.

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maddiemurchie23
Created by maddiemurchie23 over 6 years ago
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The Demographic Transition Model
1 Definition
1.1 Suggests that all countries pass through similar DT stages or will do given time
1.2 Describes a sequence of changes over a period of time, between BR's, DR's and overall population
2 Advantages
2.1 Gives us a good generalised picture of population change over time
2.2 Gives us a picture for the future
2.3 Easy to compare different countries and their state of development
3 Disadvantages
3.1 Based on European countries (not LEDCs)
3.2 Original model didn't include stage 5
3.3 Doesn't include migration, major disasters, HIV or government polies
3.4 Doesn't give a timeline for how long each stage might take
4 Stages
4.1 Stage 1
4.1.1 High stationary or pre-transition phase
4.1.2 High death rates due to disease
4.1.2.1 Consequently high birth rates to increase chances of survival
4.2 Stage 2
4.2.1 Early expanding or early transition phase
4.2.2 Death rate begins to decline with better living standards
4.2.3 Birth rate remains high as children = labour
4.2.4 Massive population growth
4.3 Stage 3
4.3.1 Late expanding or mid-transition phase
4.3.2 Improved technology in agriculture and industry, better education and birth-control
4.3.3 Decline in birth and death rate
4.4 Stage 4
4.4.1 Low stationary or late transition phase
4.4.2 Low levels of fertility and mortality
4.4.3 Minimal growth
4.5 Stage 5
4.5.1 Birth rates fall below death rates
4.5.2 Population decline

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