ellywhitehead
Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

Refugee Studies Mind Map on UNHCR, created by ellywhitehead on 04/23/2013.

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ellywhitehead
Created by ellywhitehead over 6 years ago
Cory & Manuel
cory.jones2010
ICT Revision 2014
11RaceyG
Themes in Macbeth
annasc0tt
Sociology- Key Concepts
Becky Walker
5 Big Ideas
cassie_dodd
FORTRESS EUROPE / PACIFIC SOLUTION
ellywhitehead
REFUGEES
ellywhitehead
WAVES
toritorx
UNHCR
1 Between a Rock and a Hard Place?
1.1 Budgetary Constriants
1.1.1 97% based on voluntary contributions
1.1.1.1 makes long term planning difficult
1.1.1.2 'earmarking' by donors
1.2 Choice of Commissioner
1.2.1 Puppet for Major donors?
1.3 National soverignty
1.3.1 States decide who qualifies unless UNHCR asked to help
1.3.2 during conflict?
1.4 3 durable solutions of 1951 Convention
1.4.1 Resettlement onto a third country
1.4.2 Integration into country that they fled to
1.4.3 Voluntary repatriation to country of origin
2 CASE STUDIES
2.1 RWANDA and the GREAT LAKES
2.1.1 Invasion in 1994 by RPF leads to mass exodus of Hutus
2.1.1.1 Hutus flees to neighboring countries and set up Camps
2.1.1.1.1 DRC 1.2m
2.1.1.1.2 Tanzania 580,000
2.1.1.1.3 Implications
2.1.1.1.3.1 Economic cost - initial response and local economy
2.1.1.1.3.2 Social Cost - racial tension; Cholera
2.1.1.1.3.3 Political: DRC, Rwanda attack militarized camps
2.1.1.1.3.4 Environmental; wood for fire etc
2.1.1.1.3.5 Security
2.1.1.1.3.5.1 Interhamwe administered camps
2.1.1.1.3.5.1.1 Radio Mill Collines continues to broadcast in camps
2.1.1.1.3.5.1.2 UNHCR funding war?
2.1.1.1.3.5.2 close to borders, provoking Rwandan attacks
2.1.1.1.3.5.3 SGBV in camps
2.1.1.1.3.5.4 HEALTH issues
2.2 VIETNAMESE BOAT PEOPLE
2.2.1 Post 1975
2.2.1.1 After US withdrawal from Vietnam South flee to Hong Kong
2.2.1.1.1 Thatcher pledged 'PORT OF FIRST ASYLUM'
2.2.1.1.1.1 open centres run by UNHCR
2.2.1.1.1.2 employment opportunities
2.2.1.1.1.3 91% resettlement rate
2.2.1.1.1.4 1982
2.2.1.1.1.4.1 Camps CLOSE
2.2.1.1.1.4.1.1 LOCAL XENOPHOBIA
2.2.1.1.1.4.2 1988 Screening Process
2.2.1.1.1.4.2.1 illegal until screened
2.2.1.1.1.4.2.1.1 90% REJECTION
2.2.1.1.1.4.2.2 1989 - Comprehensive Plan of Action and Voluntary Repatriation Programme
2.2.1.1.1.4.2.2.1 Financial inducements
2.2.1.1.1.4.2.2.2 mandatory repatriation
2.2.1.1.1.4.2.2.3 apauling camp conditions
2.2.1.1.1.4.2.2.4 1992 25% budget cuts
2.2.1.1.1.4.2.2.4.1 1996 US program of return
2.2.1.1.1.4.2.2.4.1.1 1997 Hong Kong handover
2.3 YUGOSLAVIA
2.3.1 UNHCR as lead agency
2.3.1.1 Area of expertise
2.3.1.2 Bureaucratic presence
2.3.1.3 War situation
2.3.1.4 response to ethnic cleansing
2.3.1.5 Majority of funding goes to UNPROFOR (Military)
2.3.2 1995 - Srebrenica
2.3.2.1 7000 men and boys killed
2.3.2.1.1 30 Dutch Peacekeepers taken hostage
2.3.2.1.1.1 28th Aug - Market bomb kills 37
2.3.2.2 Resolution
2.3.2.2.1 NATO - 2 week intensive bombing
2.3.2.2.2 DAYTON
2.3.2.2.2.1 All actors agree to let people return safely
2.3.2.2.2.2 People able to claim back property
2.3.2.2.2.3 Freedom of movement
2.3.3 LESSONS LEARNED?
2.3.3.1 UNHCR not used to operating in war
2.3.3.2 Military uncomfortable with humanitarian role
2.3.3.3 division of leadership (UNHCR/UNPROFOR)
2.3.3.4 UNHCR associated with blue helmets
2.3.3.5 UNPROFOR 6 month rotation disrupts continuity
2.3.3.6 UNHCR forced to use 'safe havens' sue to donor interests

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