FORTRESS EUROPE / PACIFIC SOLUTION

ellywhitehead
Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

Refugee Studies Mind Map on FORTRESS EUROPE / PACIFIC SOLUTION, created by ellywhitehead on 04/24/2013.

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ellywhitehead
Created by ellywhitehead over 6 years ago
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FORTRESS EUROPE / PACIFIC SOLUTION
1 EU trying to align asylum policy
1.1 establishing an illiberal framework
1.1.1 for reasons of geography the issue is more important for some than others
1.2 CHRONOLOGY
1.2.1 1951 - State determination
1.2.1.1 1985 - Schengen tired to establish drive towards commonality
1.2.1.1.1 relax internal barriers and strengthen external barriers
1.2.1.1.2 1990 - Dublin Convention
1.2.1.1.2.1 State of first arrival
1.2.1.1.2.2 Carriers legislation (£10,000 a head)
1.2.1.1.2.3 1992 - London
1.2.1.1.2.3.1 Manifestly Unfounded Applications for asylum (passed through safe countries)
1.2.1.1.2.3.1.1 WHITELIST
1.2.1.1.2.3.1.1.1 Germany - all bordering states
1.2.1.1.2.3.1.1.2 Jack Straw 3 lists
1.2.1.1.2.3.1.1.2.1 Safe
1.2.1.1.2.3.1.1.2.2 Applications from state of Origin
1.2.1.1.2.3.1.1.2.3 Applications in Europe
1.2.1.1.2.3.2 1997 - Amsterdam Treaty
1.2.1.1.2.3.2.1 2004 date for common asylum policies
1.2.1.1.2.3.2.2 rush to Lowest Common Denominator
1.2.1.1.2.3.2.2.1 LCD Rush to 2004
1.2.1.1.2.3.2.2.1.1 UK Promoting the Push
1.2.1.1.2.3.2.2.1.1.1 VOUCHERS
1.2.1.1.2.3.2.2.1.1.2 Marriage restrictions
1.2.1.1.2.3.2.2.1.1.3 Dispersal Programme
1.2.1.1.2.3.2.2.1.1.4 Immediate Applications (timreframe
1.2.1.1.2.3.2.2.1.1.5 English Language test
1.2.1.1.2.3.2.2.1.1.6 'VOLUNTARY' Schemes
1.2.1.1.2.3.2.2.1.1.6.1 financial assistance/ Return Ticket
1.2.1.1.2.3.2.2.1.1.6.2 cash allowances and Swiss healthcare (6 months)
1.2.1.1.2.3.2.2.1.1.6.3 temporary protection for large scale flowa
1.2.1.1.2.3.2.3
2 TAMPA AFFAIR
2.1 2001 - people fleeing the Middle East to Australia
2.1.1 HOWARD - right wing Government in Oz
2.1.1.1 ILLIBERAL stand as a platform for re-election
2.2 AUGUST 2001 - Norwegian 'TAMPA' sets sail
2.2.1 boat full of asylum seekers gets into trouble
2.2.1.1 UN convention means they are obliged to help
2.2.1.2 new boat only has facilities for 50 people, NOT allowed to disembark in Oz
2.2.1.2.1 NAURU - Island state offered $20m to take refugees
2.2.1.2.1.1 Christmas Island 'not part of Oz' for people seeking asylum
2.2.1.2.1.2 2008
2.2.1.2.1.2.1 30% repatriated, 40% granted, 30% resettled
2.2.1.2.1.2.1.1 Indonesians repatriated
2.2.1.2.1.2.1.2 2012
2.2.1.2.1.2.1.2.1 7000 arrival in Oz in last 2 years
2.2.1.2.1.2.1.2.1.1 PM Julia Gillard tried to return to Pacific Solution but was blocked

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