International migration case study

Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

GCSE Geography Mind Map on International migration case study, created by s.ghillean on 02/14/2014.

Created by s.ghillean over 5 years ago
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International migration case study
1.1 the border between Mexico and the USA is over 2000km long, US border patrol watch the border 24/7 aiming to stop the 1 million + Mexicans that migrate yearly
1.1.1 Push factors= Poor medical facilities • High unemployment • Low paid jobs • Low literacy rates • Low education standard
1.1.2 Pull factors • Excellent medical facilities • Well-paid jobs • High literacy rates • Many jobs for low pay Mexicans • High life expectancy
1.1.3 Impacts on Mexico • Mexican countryside has a shortage of active working people • Women left on their own • The very young and very old left • Some villages have lost up to 2/3 of their inhabitants • Legal + illegal immigrants send almost $6 million back to Mexico
1.1.4 Impacts on USA • Illegal migration costs the USA millions of dollars for border patrols and prisons • Migrant workers keep wagers low • Cause racial issues • Benefit US economy by working for low wages • Brought Mexican culture with them: food, language, music • Brought diseases with them
2.1 Several Poles continue to immigrate to England in search of better jobs etc. it is estimated that poles are now the 3rd largest represented minority in the UK
2.1.1 Pull Factors=Unemployment in the UK at 5.1% -Skill shortages along with high demand for skilled and semi-skilled labour Vacancies in the UK -for October to December 2007 were 607, 900 GDP in Poland was $12, 700 per head compared to $30, 900 in the UK – average earnings -UK were only one of three countries who did not restrict the numbers od immigrants from Eastern European countries
2.1.2 Push factors=Average unemployment in Poland of 18.5% -in 2005 Youth unemployment of around -40% Rural unemployment in some areas of over 40%
2.1.3 Effects on Poland=Brain drain of skilled workers seeking employment abroad -Loss of entrepreneurial spirit as those that emigrate tend to be the biggest risk takers -Injection of foreign cash as wages are repatriates -Less pressure on resources -Political will to raise standards of living back home -one example was that there were no male firefighters left so women had to do the job
2.1.4 Benefits=£2.5 billion contributed to the economy by eastern European immigrants -Between 0.5% and 1% of UK growth in 2006 attributed to the same workers -80% of migrants between 18 and 35 year old – N.I. contributions help UK cope with aging population -New migrants typically hard working, enthusiastic, skilled and flexible -Offset inflationary pressures caused by rising fuel prices allowing interest rates to remain low -Migrants filled a skills gap, in reality they took on undesirable, low paid jobs
3 Types of migration
3.1 • economic migration - moving to find work or follow a particular career path
3.2 • social migration - moving somewhere for a better quality of life or to be closer to family or friends
3.3 • political migration - moving to escape political persecution or war
3.4 •environmental- causes of migration include natural disasters such as flooding

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