Predestination

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Mind Map by nazreen.k, updated more than 1 year ago
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A-Level Religious Studies Mind Map on Predestination, created by nazreen.k on 06/04/2016.

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Predestination
1 Qadar (predestination) is an Arabic word for destiny and divine foreordainment. The concept of predestination refers to the idea that Allah has written out our lives for us.
1.1 The destiny of everything is recorded in a preserved tablet - in a Hadith, Prophet Muhammad stated that the first thing Allah created was the pen. With the pen, everything that will occur and has should be noted
2 Nothing is allowed to come to pass unless it is the will of Allah, hence the phrase "inshallah" meaning 'if Allah wills.'
2.1 When referring to the future, Muslims frequently qualify any predictions of what will come to pass with this phrase.
2.2 Human knowledge of the future is limited, and all that may or may not come to pass is under the control of God.
2.3 God is omniscient and therefore has foreknowledge of all possible futures. With divine power, God then also deems which futures will be allowed.
3 The Sunni view of predestination - they believe that destiny is when God wrote down in the preserved tablet everything that happened, and will.
3.1 An individual has power to choose, but only Allah is sure to know what will happen.
4 The belief in predestination is based on four things.
4.1 1.) Knowledge - Allah knows what His creation will do based on His eternal knowledge.
4.1.1 "Allah knows and you do not know."
4.2 2.) Writing - Allah has written every single thing that exists.
4.2.1 "Nor can a soul die except by Allah's leave, the term being fixed as by writing."
4.3 3.) Will - what Allah wills happens and what He doesn't will does not happen.
4.3.1 "Not a leaf falls but that He knows it."
4.4 4.) Creation and formation - Allah is the creator of all things, including the actions of His creations.
4.4.1 Hadith - Allah's Apostle was asked about the children of pagans. The Prophet replied "Since Allah created them, He knows what sort of deed they would have done."
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