Farming in Britain

Oliver H
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

KS4 (GCSE) Year 8 (Geography) Mind Map on Farming in Britain, created by Oliver H on 02/25/2014.

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Oliver H
Created by Oliver H over 5 years ago
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Farming in Britain

Annotations:

  • Agriculture is the way that people produce food by growing crops and raising animals/livestock
1 Types of farming
1.1 Arable

Annotations:

  • Grain crops and vegetables, mainly for human use. Some used as animal feed.
1.1.1 Requirements
1.1.1.1 Relief

Annotations:

  • Flat/ gently sloping for machinery
1.1.1.2 Climate

Annotations:

  • *650-800mm rainfall *Summer temp ^ 15'c *Sunshine to ripen crops
1.1.1.3 Soil

Annotations:

  • Deep and fertile soil that are easy to work.
1.1.1.4 Other

Annotations:

  • Near to urban markets and good transport links. Able to use heavy machinery.
1.2 Mixed Farming

Annotations:

  • When crops are grown and animals are reared in the same farm
1.2.1 Requirements

Annotations:

  • All of the others above.
1.3 Pastoral

Annotations:

  • The raising of animals/livestock
1.3.1 Hill Sheep Farming

Annotations:

  • Kept for meat and wool
1.3.1.1 Requirements
1.3.1.1.1 Climate

Annotations:

  • Can put up with high rainfall (1500mm +), snow and low winter temp.
1.3.1.1.2 Relief

Annotations:

  • Sheep are able to graze very steep ground.
1.3.1.1.3 Soil

Annotations:

  • Areas of better soil can provide winter feed.
1.3.1.1.4 Other

Annotations:

  • Transport and access to markets not so important
1.3.2 Dairy Farming
1.3.2.1 Requirements
1.3.2.1.1 Climate

Annotations:

  • Good grass - * ^ 800mm rain * warm summers * winter temp ^ 6'c
1.3.2.1.2 Relief

Annotations:

  • Hilly/ gently sloping
1.3.2.1.3 Soil

Annotations:

  • Moisture retaining
1.3.2.1.4 Other

Annotations:

  • Near to urban markets and acceasible for milk tankers
1.3.3 Beef Cattle Farming
1.3.3.1 Requirements
1.3.3.1.1 Climate

Annotations:

  • Rough pasture but grass summer for fattening- * ^ 700mm rainfall * warm/mild summers
1.3.3.1.2 Relief

Annotations:

  • Hilly/ gently sloping
1.3.3.1.3 Soil

Annotations:

  • Poor if not waterlogged
1.3.3.1.4 Other

Annotations:

  • Access to urban areas for processing - links to urban markets