Competition for Coasts

Jodie Goodacre
Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

A-Levels Geography (Crowded Coasts) Mind Map on Competition for Coasts, created by Jodie Goodacre on 04/28/2013.

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Jodie Goodacre
Created by Jodie Goodacre over 6 years ago
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Competition for Coasts
1 The nature of coasts
1.1 Land
1.1.1 Shape, Relief, Presence or lack of beach, Structure, Resistance of rocks, Sub-aerial processes, River Sediments and Coastal ecosystems.
1.2 Weather and Climate
1.2.1 Wind strength and direction, Rainfall and temperature, Storms and Surges
1.3 Human Activities
1.3.1 Intervention in natural systems, Use of land for development and Exploitation of resources
1.4 Sea
1.4.1 Marine ecosystems, Wave energy and direction, Size and type of waves, Local currents and Longshore drift, Tidal changes and Water Depth.
2 Goods and Services
2.1 Food crops
2.2 Meat and fish
2.3 Building material
2.4 Water source
2.5 Energy via biomass
2.6 Genetic resources for medicine etc.
2.7 Climate regeneration
2.8 Air purification
2.9 Water control
2.10 Flood protection
2.11 Water purification
2.12 Cycling of nutrients
2.13 Generation of humus to produce soil
2.14 Biodiversity
2.15 Provision of habitats
2.16 Aesthetic enjoyment
2.17 Recreation
2.18 Gene pool for the future
2.19 Employment opportunity
3 In 1990, around 30% of the world's population lived on the coast
3.1 By 2002 that figure had risen to around 40%
4 Some of the world's fasted growing megacities are on the coast
4.1 e.g. Lagos (Nigeria) and Shanghai (China)
5 Coastal development timeline
5.1 c. 1000 - Early concentration of population encouraged by food security and transport opportunities
5.2 c. 1300 - Some settlements became seats of political and economic power
5.3 c. 1600 - European colonisation of the Americas, Asia and Australia
5.4 c. 1750 - Industrialisation brings prosperity to ports handling raw materials and manufactured goods
5.5 c. 1800 - Increased security of coast encourages settlement growth
5.6 c. 1850 - Tourism takes off
5.7 c. 1970 - Exploitation of offshore oil and natural gas
5.8 c. 1980 Growth of water-based recreation
5.9 c. 2000 - Coastal areas are possible providers of wind and tidal power
6 Benidorm
6.1 Population of 67,000 but in summer peak season it exceeds half a million
6.2 Development of Benidorm as a coastal resort started in 1954
6.3 Became popular with British Tourists in the 1960s
6.4 Good night-life
6.5 All beaches have blue flag status
6.6 Population is ageing
6.7 Increase of 11% in people over 65 in the last 2 years
6.8 Built up
7 Boscombe, UK
7.1 On south coast near Bournemouth
7.2 Europe's first Artificial surf reef
7.3 The reef will occupy approx. 1 hectare
7.3.1 Made from large geotextile sand bags
7.4 Average 77 good surf days a year
7.5 Capable of hosting 10,000 surf visits a year
7.6 Cost around £1.1 million
7.7 Generate image value of £10 million per year
7.8 Thought that the reef will strengthen defences

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