What problems faced the Wiemar Republic in the early years, between
1 The Treaty of
1.1.1 Land -13% taken away. No overseas
colonies. Rhineland occupied by France.
184.108.40.206 Damaged Germany Economically - No
longer had access to raw materials (coal).
Taken away by the enemies. Lost their main
source of income.
220.127.116.11 Damaged Germany's Pride -
Land is equivalent to power. So
when land is taken away they felt
humiliated and less of a power.
1.1.2 Army - Reduced to 100,000 men. Navy cut
to 15,000 sailors. No tanks, planes or
submarines. Only 6 battleship.
18.104.22.168 Damaged Germany Militarily - Lacked air and
little sea protection. They had weak defence
and wouldn't be able to protect themselves.
22.214.171.124 Damaged Germany's Pride - They felt
as if their power was being stripped
away from them and they were being
1.1.3 Money - Had to pay 6600 million Marks in
war reparations. Most money went to
Belgium and "old enemies" France.
126.96.36.199 Damaged Germany Economically - Their economy was
already not doing very well. They need to rebuild their own
country, and help their people who were starving, instead of
paying for others.
1.1.4 Blame - Germany were blamed for the war.
Allies demanded compensation. This caused
humiliation and worldwide embarrasment.
188.8.131.52 Damaged Germany's Pride
- They felt humiliated
because the whole world was
hating them. They felt as if
their dead soldiers were not
as important because they
started the war. Soldiers not
1.2 Germany were not
consulted and had no
imput in the treaty.
Forced to sign it.
2 Political Violence
2.1 Spartacist Rising - Left Wing
2.1.1 Led by Rosa Luxemburg and
Karl Lieknecht. They
distrusted the government
and wanted a full scale
2.1.2 Somewhat successful. Led
protests in Berlin and took
over Gov. newspaper and
2.1.3 Defecated by Army with the
help of Friekorp's. They were
Ex-Soldiers who were
Anti-Communist. Badly organised
and lacked support. after the
main leaders were killed the
2.2 Red Rising in the Ruhr - Left Wing
2.2.1 Led by members of the
Communist party. They were
protesting about bad pay and
2.2.2 They were successful as they managed to
occupy the Ruhr and took control over the raw
materials. This was Germany's main industrial
2.2.3 They were defeated by the Freikorps. They had weak
leadership and had no clear plan. Often, protests lacked
2.3 Kapp Putsch - Right Wing
2.3.1 Led by Wolfgang Kapp and
members of the Freikorps. After the
left wing parties had been crushed,
the Gov. had no use for them, so they
tried to disband the brigades
2.3.2 They were successful and were briefly
in power. In protest they marched into
Berlin and forced the Government to flee!
Kapp was the new leader of Germany.
2.3.3 However, they lacked support and many
workers went on strike. This made it difficult
for him to rule. Kapp fled Berlin after 4 days in
power and the old Gov. were reinstated.
2.4 Munich Putsch - Right Wing
2.4.1 Led by Hitler (Nazi Party) and General Ludendorff (WW1
Hero). Nazis already had 55,000 members and private
army (SA, brown shirts). They believed democracy was
weak and there should be one strong leader.
2.4.2 Hitler plotted with two nationalist
politicians, Kahr and Lossow, to take
over Munich in a revolution. But then
Kahr and Lossow called off the rebellion.
Hitler and the SA disrupted one of their
meetings and forced them to take part
by holding them at gunpoint. Hitler and
his Nazis went into Munich on what they
thought would be a triumphant. But Kahr
had called in police and army
reinforcements. Hitler fled and was
arrested 2 days later. 14 Nazis killed.
2.4.3 Revolution was poorly planned
and Kahr withdrew his support
and Gov. responded quickly.
Hitler was sent to prison for nine
months. In that time, Nazi party,
fell apart without a leader.
3 Invasion of the Ruhr
3.1 The invasion of the Ruhr was
when the French took over the
industrial area of Germany.
This is were Germany made
most of their money.
3.2 Some of the long term consequences
were that the German people never
trusted the Gov. again. Germans were
treated brutally by the French. Gov.
cannot even defend its own people.
Further humiliation. Led to Hyperinflation.
3.3.1 This was caused by the Gov. telling
workers to passive resistance against the
French by working extremely slowly. Some
even went on strike. Despite being short
on money already, the Gov. said they
would pay everyone's wages. To help pay
wages they decided to print more money.
184.108.40.206 Negative effect on most people.
The money was now worthless so
people with savings suffered a lot.
Workers found that their wages did
not keep up with prices, which
would change during the day. The
money they earnt could not afford
food.Farmers did not want to sell
food for worthless money so there
was mass shortages of food.
220.127.116.11 Minority of people
benefited. People in debt
could easily pay of loans.
18.104.22.168 Germans hated Gov. even more. People never trusted them
with the economy again. Germans hated allies which
sparked future revenge. When future economic problems
happen in the future they looked to extremist parties to solve
problems like Nazis. Hitler used this to gain support.