Class Differences in achievement: External Factors

jess.dyer
Mind Map by jess.dyer, updated more than 1 year ago
jess.dyer
Created by jess.dyer about 6 years ago
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Mind Map on Class Differences in achievement: External Factors, created by jess.dyer on 03/09/2014.

Resource summary

Class Differences in achievement: External Factors
1 External Factors: outside education: influence of the home, family background and wider society
2 Cultural Deprivation
2.1 Intellectual development
2.2 Attitudes and values
2.2.1 Working class pupils place less value on education
2.2.2 Less encouragement for WC
2.2.3 Leon Fernstein
2.2.3.1 Parents' lack of interest main reason for under-achievement
2.2.4 Herbert Hyman- values and beliefs of lower class subculture are a 'self imposed barrier'
2.2.5 Barry Sugarman
2.2.5.1 Four key features that act as a barrier to education achievement
2.2.5.1.1 Fatalism
2.2.5.1.1.1 believing in fate
2.2.5.1.2 Collectivism
2.2.5.1.2.1 valuing being part of a group
2.2.5.1.3 Immediate gratification
2.2.5.1.3.1 immediate pleasure over future pleasure
2.2.5.1.4 Present-time orientation
2.2.5.1.4.1 present more important than future
2.3 Language
2.3.1 Basil Bernstein
2.3.1.1 Two types of speech code
2.3.1.1.1 Elaboratated Code
2.3.1.1.2 Restricted code
2.3.2 Middle class have advantage
3 Compensatory Education
3.1 Designed to tackle the problem of cultural deprivation
3.2 Operation Head Start, USA
3.2.1 Pre-school education in poorer areas
3.2.2 Sesame Street
3.3 Education Action Zones
3.4 Educational Priority Areas
3.5 Sure Start
4 The myth of cultural deprivation
4.1 Nell Keddie
4.1.1 "victim-blaming situation"
4.1.2 Fail because they are put at a disadvantage
4.2 Barry Troyna and Jenny Wiilliams
4.2.1 School's attitude towards language
4.3 Tessa Blackstone and Jo Mortimore
4.3.1 parents work longer hours= less parents evenings
5 Material Deprivation
5.1 Poverty and lack of material necessities.
5.2 Housing
5.2.1 Overcrowding
5.2.2 Lack of development, not enough space for play
5.2.3 May move a lot
5.2.3.1 Changes in school, disrupted education
5.2.4 Health effects
5.3 Diet and Health
5.3.1 Marilyn Howard
5.3.1.1 Young people from poorer homes have a lower intake of energy, vitamins and minerals
5.3.1.1.1 Affects health
5.3.2 Richard Wilkinson
5.3.2.1 Lower the social class the higher the rate of hyperactivity, anxiety and conduct disorders
5.4 Financial support & costs of education
5.4.1 Have to cope without equipment
5.4.1.1 Hand-me-downs
5.4.2 Emily Tanner
5.4.2.1 Education prices= heavy burden on families
5.4.3 Have to take on jobs
5.4.3.1 Negative impact on schoolwork
6 Cultural Capital
6.1 Knowledge, attitudes, values, language, tastes and abilities of the middle class
6.2 Middle class pupils have an advantage
6.2.1 WC pupils feel their culture is devalued as inferior.
6.2.1.1 Education isn't for them
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