Transport

Elisabetta Marigo
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

Mind Map on Transport, created by Elisabetta Marigo on 03/11/2014.

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Elisabetta Marigo
Created by Elisabetta Marigo over 5 years ago
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Transport
1 the choice of the appropriate means of transport is the key element of distribution of goods
1.1 there is a number of considerable factors, they include:
1.1.1 the cost involved
1.1.2 how urgently the goods are needed
1.1.3 the speed and security of transport
1.1.4 the type of product to be transported
1.1.5 transport by road
1.1.5.1 by rail
1.1.5.1.1 sea transport
1.1.5.1.1.1 by air
1.1.5.1.1.1.1 pipelines
1.1.5.1.1.1.1.1 Advantages
1.1.5.1.1.1.1.1.1 cheaper
1.1.5.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 effective
1.1.5.1.1.1.1.2 Disadvantages
1.1.5.1.1.1.1.2.1 expensive to build
1.1.5.1.1.1.1.2.1.1 routes are fixed
1.1.5.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.1 only for certain types of goods
1.1.5.1.1.1.2 airplanes
1.1.5.1.1.1.2.1 Advantages
1.1.5.1.1.1.2.1.1 very fast over long distances
1.1.5.1.1.1.2.1.1.1 suitable for urgently-required, perishable goods
1.1.5.1.1.1.2.2 Disadvantages
1.1.5.1.1.1.2.2.1 very expensive
1.1.5.1.1.1.2.2.1.1 only for limited weights
1.1.5.1.1.1.2.2.1.1.1 subject to delays
1.1.5.1.1.1.2.2.1.1.1.1 need of other means of transport
1.1.5.1.1.2 cargo ships
1.1.5.1.1.2.1 Advantages
1.1.5.1.1.2.1.1 can transport unlimited weights and sizes
1.1.5.1.1.2.1.1.1 cheaper
1.1.5.1.1.2.1.1.1.1 suitable for long distances
1.1.5.1.1.2.2 Disadvantages
1.1.5.1.1.2.2.1 slow
1.1.5.1.1.2.2.1.1 need of additional means of transport
1.1.5.1.1.2.2.1.1.1 subject to timetable and weather conditions
1.1.5.1.1.2.2.1.1.1.1 any accident can cause serious effects on the environment
1.1.5.1.2 the railway
1.1.5.1.2.1 Advantages
1.1.5.1.2.1.1 faster than road transport for long journey
1.1.5.1.2.1.2 suitable for bulk goods
1.1.5.1.2.1.3 causes less pollution
1.1.5.1.2.1.3.1 not subject to delays due to bad weather or traffic conditions
1.1.5.1.2.2 Disadvantages
1.1.5.1.2.2.1 slower and more expensive over short distances
1.1.5.1.2.2.2 lack of flexibility as routes are fixed
1.1.5.1.2.2.3 subject to timetable and delays due to strikes and manpower problems
1.1.5.1.2.2.4 need of additional mode of transport
1.1.5.2 couriers, road haulage firms, carriers TIR lorries
1.1.5.2.1 Advantages
1.1.5.2.1.1 relatively cheap and fast over long distances
1.1.5.2.1.2 maximum flexibility with door-to- door service
1.1.5.2.1.3 not subject to fixed timetable
1.1.5.2.1.4 routes can be changed at short notice
1.1.5.2.2 Disadvantages
1.1.5.2.2.1 slower over long distances
1.1.5.2.2.2 the weight of each load is limited
1.1.5.2.2.2.1 subject to delay due to road traffic
1.1.5.2.2.2.1.1 causes air pollution and other forms of environmental damage

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