Pregnancy Nutrition

laurajanemurray
Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

Nutrition and Health Mind Map on Pregnancy Nutrition, created by laurajanemurray on 04/30/2013.

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Created by laurajanemurray over 6 years ago
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Pregnancy Nutrition
1 Breast Milk

Annotations:

  • Optimal for child development and health. Packaged nutrients - optimal formula. Breats development is driven by the hormones of pregnancy: Estrogen, Progesterone, and Prolactin(Later periods)  Lactation demands a higher nutrient demand within maternal stores and diet.
1.1 Colostrum

Annotations:

  • Colostrum is the first milk. Produced in late pregnancy, prior to giving birth. Colostrum contains Ant-bodies to protect the new born against disease. It is lower in FAT, and higher in PROTEIN. It is a mild laxative encouraging first stool (Meconium) This clears excess bilirubin Essential Antibodies, IgM, IgA, major components of immune system, 
1.2 Composition

Annotations:

  • Composition has been found to be relatively constant with the exception to the water soluble vitamins, C, B12, B6, Thiamin and Riboflavin
1.3 Long term health benefits

Annotations:

  • Protective immuno-supportive effects Long term immune benefits Infection reduction Obesity protection Higher IQ
1.4 DHA

Annotations:

  • Essential fatty acid principal fatty acid for development and highest in brain composition Concentration is dependent upon maternal diet WHO reccommends baby breast fed first 6 months
2 Specific Nutrients/Vitamins

Annotations:

  • Nutrient intake should increase, specifically from 20 weeks
2.1 Folate

Annotations:

  • Neural tube defects. Supplementation is required 28 days before conception, has to be pre-conceptional.
2.2 Alcohol

Annotations:

  • High alcohol intake may lead to malformations in the early weeks of development
2.3 B12

Annotations:

  • Vegans/Vegetarians should take supplementation
2.4 Calcium

Annotations:

  • Calcium and folate are the only two Nutrients/Vitamins that are required double dose during pregnancy
3 Caloric Intake
3.1 INC 250kcal/Day
3.2 1st Month remains normal

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