1 More people die from the expose in the trenches than from conflict itself.
This poem tells people at home about the living conditions in the trenches
and how truly awful they were alongside the trauma that comes with this
2 "Our" "We" = when the soldiers are on the
front line they lose all sense of identity, they
become 1 unit. PERSONAL PRONOUNS.
Collective suffering of war.
3 "Our brains ache" = "our" shows unity "brains" means cold is past
the skin and deep into their brains, the cold is relentless. They
"ache" from coldness, heightens the severity of the conditions the
soldiers live in. METAPHOR
4 Two battles; against MAN
6 "Merciless iced east winds that knife" PERSONIFICATION of
nature. Violence. Nature is killing them and has no mercy for
anyone, it is inescapable.
7 "..." ELLIPSES, fragmentation of
poem, too weak to complete
8 "But nothing happened" REPEATED REFRAIN. They are simply
waiting for something to happen, have no control=
POWERLESSNESS. Conflict is pointless. Agony of waiting.
9 "What are we doing here?" RHETORICAL QUESTION. No
answer=No purpose, there is no real reason for them to be
there. Questioning their placement, why aren't they fighting?
10 On the battle field the men make christ-like
sacrifices for those they love. Yet Owen
suggests their love of God and faith in God
seems to have died.
11 SEMANTIC FIELD of
"wearied" "confused" "worried"
12 "The poignant misery of dawn" As dawn begins so does the misery of the
soldiers. "misery of dawn" = PERSONIFICATION. Dawn should bring warmth
and light, instead reminds the soldiers of all the darkness in the worlld that
they are a part of.
13 "Innocent" Men are not innocent, they
want to fight however the mice are
innocent because they live their and their
home has been invaded by the soldiers.
14 "Forgotten dreams" All hope of getting
home is lost. They are trapped in the
15 "We turn back to our dying" Not sorry we are out here, fight for
the freedom that God wanted us to have. Accepted that they are
dying, still wont give up.
16 "for love of God seems to be dying" Not
sorry we are out here, we fight for the
freedom god wanted us to have
17 Horrors of warfare
18 "Like twitching agonies" SIMILE
19 "Less deadly than the air than shudders black" The weather is
worse than the thought of being killed/others dying around
20 "Half known faces" Conflict has changed them, they are almost
21 By the end of the poem the soldiers see their
death as inevitable
22 EMOTIVE LANGUAGE, evokes pathos for the soldiers.
"Is it that we are dying?" "misery" "melancholy"