Kibera, Nairobi, Kenya, LEDC- Squatter Settlements

pippa22
Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

GCSE Geography Mind Map on Kibera, Nairobi, Kenya, LEDC- Squatter Settlements, created by pippa22 on 05/03/2013.

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pippa22
Created by pippa22 over 6 years ago
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Kibera, Nairobi, Kenya, LEDC- Squatter Settlements
1 Rural Urban Migration
1.1 Pull
1.1.1 Jobs
1.1.2 Jobs, sevices
1.2 Push
1.2.1 Poor harvest
1.2.2 Lack of jobs
1.2.3 Lack of services
2 Problems
2.1 800,000- 1 million people live in the shanty town- area of 255ha
2.2 High Density - 1m2 floor space each
2.3 over 100,000 children orphans as high HIV/AIDS
2.4 60% of Nairobis habitats live in slums
2.5 Houses
2.5.1 Made from mud, plastered-over boards, wood or corrugated iron sheeting
2.5.2 Paths between houses are ditches, filled with sewage often
2.5.3 Rubbish not collected
2.6 Crime
2.6.1 Groups offer security at a price
2.6.2 Police reluctant to enter
2.7 Water
2.7.1 Standpipe may supply water for up to 40 families.
2.7.2 Private operators run pipes into areas and may charge double
3 Solutions
3.1 Self-help service
3.1.1 Formal way of helping squatter settlements
3.1.2 Land is chosen for scheme & infrastruture is laid in advance ---> provide water, sanitation and electricity is supplied properly.
3.1.3 People build homes using affordable materials
3.1.4 Land is divided into individual plots.
3.2 Site and service
3.2.1 Local athorities help squatter settlements residents to improve homes.
3.2.1.1 Offer finace in form of loans/grants & often installing water, sanitation, etc... ---> lead to skills, then jobs
4 Improving conditions
4.1 WIDES
4.1.1 Help dispose of waste
4.1.2 Trying to improve sewage systems
4.1.3 Providing toilets and public baths.
4.2 Kenya Water for Health organisation
4.2.1 Provides piped water for people living in squatter settlements.
4.2.2 Clean water & how to disinfect it with Ultra Violet
5 Help
5.1 Practical Action (British charity)
5.1.1 Responsible for developing low cost roofing from sand & clay
5.1.2 Adding lime and natural fibre to soil to create blocks used for building ---> cheaper then concrete
5.2 The United Nations Human Settlement Programme
5.2.1 Affordable electricity (300 kenyan shillings per shack)
5.2.2 Up too 2 main water pipes
5.2.3 Improve sanitation
5.3 Government
5.3.1 Re-house thousands of residents ---> new blocks of flats- running water, electricity.
5.3.2 Residents involved with plans of funding of 650 million kenyan shillings - not work.
5.3.3 Built housing for 600 people.
5.3.4 --> Help break out the poverty cycle as houses become cleaner.

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