1.1 21 April 1509, a 17
year old Henry
1.2 Henry VIII seems a
contrast to his father,
big spender - a new
1.2.1 Immediately imprisons and later executes Empson
and Dudley, figureheads of Henry VII's financial
intimidation policy (using Bonds, Recognizances
and the Act of Attainder.
126.96.36.199 Bonds were a warning
that if nobles were
disloyal in future they
would be fined.
188.8.131.52 Recognizances were formal
acknowledgements by a member
of the nobility that they have
done something wrong and thus
will lose money or land.
184.108.40.206 The Act of Attainder was an act of
parliament the King could use to
'attaint' a person - essential allowing
him to strip them of their land money
and remove their families inheritance
1.2.2 Announces he will be marrying Catherine of Aragon
220.127.116.11 Seen to be a chivalrous action as
she had been used for 7 years by
VII in his complex diplomatic
manoeuvrings. She had won
widespread admiration for her
1.2.3 Warham and Fox,
Henry VII's advisers,
were retained initially.
1.2.4 Edmund de la Pole, who had a
good claim to the throne, was
1.3 A Renaissance Prince
1.3.1 Enjoyed eating and drinking vast
quantities - this was common for the
1.3.2 Henry loved the privilege
which came with Kingship,
physical activity, sport and
hunting. He established a
reputation in his younger
years as a fine athlete.
1.3.3 Henry was an
intelligent and musical
man, who favoured
working with similarly
intelligent people -
Cromwell, Wolsey etc.
1.3.4 Chivalry was hugely important as
part of his upbringing and
renaissance prince persona.
Committed to this code in early life,
but cooled off after his 20s.
1.3.5 Honour was a value Henry respected
his entire life, a concept that Kings
should always be obeyed and never
under another's influence. Impacted
his actions as he quite possibly
always considered the impact of the
action on his honour.
1.4 Henry conformed to
something which it is
important to bear in mind
when analysing his
believed in a
1.5 The need for a (prefereably male) heir was significant, as Henry
needed to consolidate the power of the Tudor
dynasty. A female monarch was not desired.
2 Foreign Policy
2.1 Henry, driven by his desire
to emulate Henry V, waned
to reclaim land in France
and make clear his claim to
France had a
with huge resources.
Much stronger than
2.2 Scotland always offered the danger
of boarder raids. It was also
impossible to invade and conquer.
An alliance between Scotland and
France would be dangerous.
2.3 Ireland was another
possible invasion route
which held deep Yorkist
sympathies. The area
beyond the pale was out of
Prince desires -
military glory - all
2.5.1 He wanted to
2.5.2 He wanted to make
alliances with foreign
2.5.3 He wanted
2.6 Alliances did
not tend to go
well for Henry,
defaulting on his
2.7 Warham and Fox opposed war, they
wanted to continue peaceful policies and
tricked Henry into another peace treaty in