DEPRESSION

saramartin
Mind Map by saramartin, updated more than 1 year ago
saramartin
Created by saramartin about 6 years ago
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Clinical psychology Depression what is included
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DEPRESSION
1 SYMPTOMS
1.1 Insomnia
1.2 Lack of interest
1.3 Constant tiredness
1.4 Anxiety
1.5 Suicidal thoughts
1.6 Lack of concentration
2 FEATURES:
2.1 Twice as common in women
2.2 Men are more likely to commit suicide
2.3 Affects over 3.5. million in UK
2.4 Onset 30-40 yr old, peaks at 50-60
3 BIOLOGICAL: MONOAMINE EXPLANATION
3.1 Monoamines are a group of neruotransmitters which includes serotonin, norepinephrine and dopamine. Serotonins role is to regualte other neurotransmitters. Without regulation, erratic brain functioning and thinking patterns occur. Low levels of serotonin can produce low levels & another neurotransmitter, norepinephrine. Some anti depressants can be used to increase levels of norepinephrine. Ithers used to increases levels of another neurotransmitter, dopamine. The ideas ofor treatment is that, drug is matched to the symptoms of depresssion. Whichever symptom is presented, a drug would be chosen to increase the particular monoamine concerned. Anti-depressants work by increasing patients level of serotonin.
3.2 BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT
3.2.1 ANTI DEPRESSANTS
3.2.1.1 HOW DOES IT WORK?
3.2.1.2 HOW IS IT ADMINISTERED?
3.2.1.3 HOW IS IT MONITIORED?
4 COGNITIVE MODEL OF DEPRESSSION
4.1 In 1960's Beck developed cognitive model of depression. Considering 3 aspects of thinking. He looked at cognitice errors that people make about themselves, at faulty thought patterns & schemata. Seligman out forwards a similar theory when he suggested that depresssion is a form of learned helpnessness. 1:COGNITIVE TRIAD - negative views of self, wor and future. 2 COGNITIVE ERRORS - faulty thinking, negative and unrealistic ideas. 3 SCHEMATA - patterns of thought and beliefs (unhelpful). Cognitive triad found in people with depression involves the person having negative thoughts about themselves, about the world and the future. Genetic factors and early experiences affect thinking and schemata are built up from interactions and these beliefs set assumptions about the world.
4.1.1 TREATMENT
4.1.1.1 COGNITIVE BEHAVIOURAL THERAPY
4.1.1.1.1 HOW DOES IT WORK?
5 PSYCHOANALYTIC TREATMENT
5.1 DREAM ANALYSIS
6 Brown et al 1986
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