London - Local Area Hazard Risks

Jodie Goodacre
Mind Map by Jodie Goodacre, updated more than 1 year ago
Jodie Goodacre
Created by Jodie Goodacre almost 8 years ago


A-Levels Geography (World at risk) Mind Map on London - Local Area Hazard Risks, created by Jodie Goodacre on 05/04/2013.

Resource summary

London - Local Area Hazard Risks
  1. Kensal Rise Tornado
    1. 7th December 2006
      1. 11:02am
        1. T4 on the TORRO scale
          1. Strong Atlantic low pressure system
            1. Ulrike
              1. Caused very unstable weather conditions to the UK but mainly in the South
                1. A drop in humidity was recorded, this is likely to have caused an increase in atmospheric pressure
                  1. Causing the squall line to move forward at an accelerated pace
                  2. Damages were estimated at £10 million
                    1. 6 people were injured
                      1. 100 properties damaged
                        1. Caused a school to close for a week due to a collapsed roof
                          1. Cars damaged
                            1. Potential to cause water contamination
                            2. Summer Heat wave
                              1. 2003
                                1. Researchers say that this heat wave was the hottest on the continent for at least 5 centuries
                                  1. Atlantic cyclones brought cool and wet weather for a short period at the end of July
                                    1. Temperatures started to increase substantially from the 3rd of August
                                    2. Temperatures reached 38.5 degrees
                                      1. According to the BBC more than 2,000 people than usual died in the UK
                                        1. Many suffered heat stroke, dehydration, sun burns and deaths from air pollution
                                          1. People drowned from trying to cool off in rivers
                                            1. There was an increase in skin cancer
                                              1. Drinking water supplies were effected
                                                1. Hose pipe bans
                                                  1. Agriculture was effected
                                                    1. Animals died
                                                      1. Tourism increased
                                                        1. Railways buckled
                                                          1. Undergrounds became unbearable
                                                            1. Some road surfaces had melted
                                                              1. Cost European farmers 13.1 billion euros
                                                              2. Drought
                                                                1. Summer 2006
                                                                  1. Worst drought since 1976
                                                                    1. This came about as a result of two successive winters of below average rainfall
                                                                      1. Agriculture suffered
                                                                        1. Hose pine bans
                                                                          1. Cracks appeared in the soil which was leading to unstable foundations
                                                                            1. Low low in rivers meant that pollution had a greater impact on the environment
                                                                              1. Fish were more likely to die because of low flow, low oxygen levels and higher water temperatures.
                                                                              2. Severe fog
                                                                                1. December 2006
                                                                                  1. High pressure became slow moving for several days
                                                                                    1. Locally freezing fog which in some locations lasted 3 to 5 days
                                                                                      1. In many places visibility was reduced to below 100m and below 30m in some cases
                                                                                        1. Transport was effected
                                                                                          1. Fog caused problems on the roads with one man killed in a crash
                                                                                            1. Police appealed to motorist to slow down and keep their distance
                                                                                              1. Up to 70,000 people suffered delays or cancellations at airports
                                                                                              2. Floods
                                                                                                1. Thames Flood plain
                                                                                                  1. Thames flood barrier was opened in 1984 - cost around £534 million to build
                                                                                                    1. Water contamination
                                                                                                      1. Death
                                                                                                        1. Injury
                                                                                                          1. Damage to infrastructure
                                                                                                            1. Disease
                                                                                                              1. Damage to crops
                                                                                                                1. Insurance will increase
                                                                                                                  1. Emotional damage
                                                                                                                    1. Sendimental loss
                                                                                                                      1. 1982 flood killed 302 people
                                                                                                                      2. Air pollution
                                                                                                                        1. Kills more people than obesity in the UK
                                                                                                                          1. Causes respiratory diseases
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