UK to Spain Migration

Jodie Goodacre
Mind Map by Jodie Goodacre, updated more than 1 year ago
Jodie Goodacre
Created by Jodie Goodacre about 7 years ago


A-Levels Geography (Going Global) Mind Map on UK to Spain Migration, created by Jodie Goodacre on 05/04/2013.

Resource summary

UK to Spain Migration
1 British people started to move to Spain's coasts looking for a better way of life during the 1970s
1.1 This triggered a mass movement during the 1980s and 1990s and by 2010 there were almost a million Britons living in Spain
2 Britons were Spain's largest migrant group
3 Despite what is thought not all British in Spain are old or retired
4 There are around 761,000 Britons who live permanently in Spain
5 Total emigration reached 400,000 in 2008
6 Sun seekers
7 60% are economically inactive
8 Population
8.1 9.50% - 0-13 years
8.2 4.90% - 15-24 years
8.3 24.70% - 25-44 years
8.4 39.40% - 45-64 years
8.5 21.50% - 64+
9 Many immigrants live in 'urbanisacions' these are purpose built villas to house immigrants
9.1 La Marnia which was constructed in 1985
10 Costa Blanca
11 Valencia has a British population of 82,214
12 Andalusia has a British population of 63,472
13 Canary Islands have a British population of 24,742
14 Madrid has a British population of 6,650
15 South-East coast
16 75% of emigrants in Costa Blanca moved after 2000
17 Spain joined the EU in 1986
18 EasyJet and Ryan air have made it easier for travel
19 Pull Factors
19.1 Housing is cheaper
19.2 Job opportunities
19.3 Better weather
19.4 Relaxed lifestyle
19.5 Disposable income
19.6 Receive same pensions and pay lower taxes
19.7 Slower pace of life
19.8 Receive free health care if they are from the EU
19.9 Expatriate society
19.10 Low cost airlines
19.11 Recreational activities available
19.12 Work or business connections may already exist there
19.13 Tourism has increased awareness of the destination
20 Push Factors
20.1 Rising crime
20.2 Bad weather
20.3 Declining respect
20.4 Expensive housing
20.5 High taxation
20.6 Lack of space
20.7 Congesion
20.8 Low environmental quality
21 UK pound value has fallen leading to many migrants moving back
22 Spanish are saying that Brit's are placing an unbearable burden on limited medical resources
23 British Children are finding it hard to mix in
24 Impacts of Migration
24.1 Source (UK)
24.1.1 Costs Family break ups Loss of potential childcare Loss of highly experienced work force Grey pound is spent overseas Less people paying taxes Leaves empty homes Less law abiding citizens
24.1.2 Benefits Decrease aging population Reduces net migration Less stress on health care Reduces dependency ratio Less pressure on NHS Relieves pressure for new homes Less demand on resources Less people emitting C02 in the local area
24.2 Host (Spain)
24.2.1 Costs Emigrant 'ghettos' are created Little social and cultural interaction Resentment may grow as immigrants seek to enter local politics House prices exceed the buying power of local people Increased net migration Health care costs Large scale villa development has ruined coastal landscape Biodiversity degraded Water supplies are strained in semi-arid areas Localised pollution rising Flood risk rises as urban development occurs
24.2.2 Benefits Opportunity for cultures to mix Increased spending in local economy Some retirees are affluent Job creation in construction, retail, legal and health services Areas which are largely unproductive scrub land become valuable to build on Some costs are borne by the UK
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