UK to Spain Migration

Jodie Goodacre
Mind Map by Jodie Goodacre, updated more than 1 year ago
Jodie Goodacre
Created by Jodie Goodacre about 7 years ago
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A-Levels Geography (Going Global) Mind Map on UK to Spain Migration, created by Jodie Goodacre on 05/04/2013.
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Resource summary

UK to Spain Migration
1 British people started to move to Spain's coasts looking for a better way of life during the 1970s
1.1 This triggered a mass movement during the 1980s and 1990s and by 2010 there were almost a million Britons living in Spain
2 Britons were Spain's largest migrant group
3 Despite what is thought not all British in Spain are old or retired
4 There are around 761,000 Britons who live permanently in Spain
5 Total emigration reached 400,000 in 2008
6 Sun seekers
7 60% are economically inactive
8 Population
8.1 9.50% - 0-13 years
8.2 4.90% - 15-24 years
8.3 24.70% - 25-44 years
8.4 39.40% - 45-64 years
8.5 21.50% - 64+
9 Many immigrants live in 'urbanisacions' these are purpose built villas to house immigrants
9.1 La Marnia which was constructed in 1985
10 Costa Blanca
11 Valencia has a British population of 82,214
12 Andalusia has a British population of 63,472
13 Canary Islands have a British population of 24,742
14 Madrid has a British population of 6,650
15 South-East coast
16 75% of emigrants in Costa Blanca moved after 2000
17 Spain joined the EU in 1986
18 EasyJet and Ryan air have made it easier for travel
19 Pull Factors
19.1 Housing is cheaper
19.2 Job opportunities
19.3 Better weather
19.4 Relaxed lifestyle
19.5 Disposable income
19.6 Receive same pensions and pay lower taxes
19.7 Slower pace of life
19.8 Receive free health care if they are from the EU
19.9 Expatriate society
19.10 Low cost airlines
19.11 Recreational activities available
19.12 Work or business connections may already exist there
19.13 Tourism has increased awareness of the destination
20 Push Factors
20.1 Rising crime
20.2 Bad weather
20.3 Declining respect
20.4 Expensive housing
20.5 High taxation
20.6 Lack of space
20.7 Congesion
20.8 Low environmental quality
21 UK pound value has fallen leading to many migrants moving back
22 Spanish are saying that Brit's are placing an unbearable burden on limited medical resources
23 British Children are finding it hard to mix in
24 Impacts of Migration
24.1 Source (UK)
24.1.1 Costs
24.1.1.1 Family break ups
24.1.1.2 Loss of potential childcare
24.1.1.3 Loss of highly experienced work force
24.1.1.4 Grey pound is spent overseas
24.1.1.5 Less people paying taxes
24.1.1.6 Leaves empty homes
24.1.1.7 Less law abiding citizens
24.1.2 Benefits
24.1.2.1 Decrease aging population
24.1.2.2 Reduces net migration
24.1.2.3 Less stress on health care
24.1.2.4 Reduces dependency ratio
24.1.2.5 Less pressure on NHS
24.1.2.6 Relieves pressure for new homes
24.1.2.7 Less demand on resources
24.1.2.8 Less people emitting C02 in the local area
24.2 Host (Spain)
24.2.1 Costs
24.2.1.1 Emigrant 'ghettos' are created
24.2.1.2 Little social and cultural interaction
24.2.1.3 Resentment may grow as immigrants seek to enter local politics
24.2.1.4 House prices exceed the buying power of local people
24.2.1.5 Increased net migration
24.2.1.6 Health care costs
24.2.1.7 Large scale villa development has ruined coastal landscape
24.2.1.8 Biodiversity degraded
24.2.1.9 Water supplies are strained in semi-arid areas
24.2.1.10 Localised pollution rising
24.2.1.11 Flood risk rises as urban development occurs
24.2.2 Benefits
24.2.2.1 Opportunity for cultures to mix
24.2.2.2 Increased spending in local economy
24.2.2.3 Some retirees are affluent
24.2.2.4 Job creation in construction, retail, legal and health services
24.2.2.5 Areas which are largely unproductive scrub land become valuable to build on
24.2.2.6 Some costs are borne by the UK
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