marxism

katiesharman553
Mind Map by katiesharman553, updated more than 1 year ago
katiesharman553
Created by katiesharman553 about 7 years ago
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crime and deviance

Resource summary

marxism
1 see society as divided into two.
1.1 bourgeosie and proleteriat.
1.2 society is set up to help the rich
1.2.1 and to keep it capitalist
1.2.1.1 this is why the poor commit crime
1.2.1.1.1 crime is envitable in capitalism because capitalism is criminogenic, by its very nature is causes crime
2 structural theory
2.1 economic base
2.1.1 determines shape of superstructure
3 capitalism
3.1 capitalism is based on the exploitation of the working class
3.1.1 uses them as a means to and end (profit)
3.1.1.1 it is therefore damaging to the working class and this may force them to commit crime
3.1.1.1.1 poverty may mean that crime is the only way the w/c can survive
3.1.1.1.2 crime may be the onlyway they can obtain the consumer good erncouraged by capitalist advertising
3.1.1.1.3 alienation and lack of control may lead to frustration and aggression, resulting in crimes such as violence and vandalism
4 see law making and law enforcements as only serving the interests of the capitalist class
4.1 the r/c have the power to prevent the introduction of laws that would threaten their interests
4.2 police and courts tend to ignore crimes of the powerful
4.3 laws are sometimes passed to make it look like they are there to benefit the w/c. for example the health and safety at work act
5 critisims
5.1 largely ignores the relationship between crime and important non-class inequallaties such as ethinicity and gender
5.2 too deterministic and over-predicts the amount of crime in the w/c
5.2.1 not all poor people commit crime despite the pressure of poverty
5.3
5.4 Enter text here
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