Education

sophie terry
Mind Map by sophie terry, updated more than 1 year ago
sophie terry
Created by sophie terry over 3 years ago
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A-Level Sociology (Education) Mind Map on Education, created by sophie terry on 12/03/2016.

Resource summary

Education
1 Class differences
1.1 Internal: Factors within schools and the education system.
1.1.1 Labelling
1.1.1.1 Secondary school
1.1.1.2 Primary school
1.1.2 Self-fulfilling prophecy
1.1.2.1 Teachers' expectations
1.1.3 Streaming
1.1.3.1 Educational triage
1.1.4 Pupils' subcultures
1.1.4.1 Anti-school subculture
1.1.4.2 Pro-school subculture
1.1.4.3 Abolish streaming
1.1.4.4 Pupil responses
1.1.5 Pupils' class identities + the school
1.1.5.1 Habitus
1.1.5.2 Symbolic capital + Symbolic violence
1.1.5.3 'Nike' identities
1.1.5.4 Working-class identity
1.1.5.5 Class identity and self-exclusion
1.2 External: Factors outside the education system. I.e. Home & family background
1.2.1 Cultural deprivation
1.2.2 Material deprivation
1.2.3 Cultural capital
1.2.3.1 Children are lacking the basic values, attitudes & skills needed for educational success, because working-class families are failing to socialise their children properly.
1.2.3.1.1 Language
1.2.3.1.1.1 Hubbs-Tait et al discovered that where parents use language that challenges their children to evaluate their own abilities, cognitive performance improves.
1.2.3.1.1.1.1 Without the necessary language skills that challenges them, children are unable to use it to explain, describe, compare or question.
1.2.3.1.1.2 Leon Feinstein found that educated are more likely to use language that challenges the children.
1.2.3.1.1.2.1 Educated parents are more likely to use praise which encourages children to develop their own ability to be successful.
1.2.3.1.1.3 Speech codes: Basil Bernstein
1.2.3.1.1.3.1 Restricted code
1.2.3.1.1.3.1.1 Often used by the working-class. It has a limited vocabulary and has short, unfinished and grammatically simple sentences.
1.2.3.1.1.3.1.1.1 It is context bound, meaning the speaker assumes the listener shares the same set of experiences.
1.2.3.1.1.3.2 Elaborated code
1.2.3.1.1.3.2.1 Often used by the working class. It has a wider vocabulary and has longer, grammatically complex sentences.
1.2.3.1.1.3.2.1.1 Context-free, meaning the speaker does not assume the listener shares the same set of experiences.
1.2.3.1.1.3.2.1.1.1 Elaborated code is often used by teachers, textbooks and exams. This puts the working-class at a disadvantage.
1.2.3.1.1.3.2.1.1.1.1 Bernstein says the working-class tends to fail because schools do not teach them how to use the elaborated code.
1.2.3.1.2 Working-class subculture
1.2.3.1.3 Parents' education
1.2.3.1.3.1 Douglas found that working-class families tend to place less value on education. Meaning they were less ambitious for their children, less encouraging and not interested as much in their education.
1.3 Relationship between internal/external
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