Using Our Peat Bogs

cian.buckley
Mind Map by cian.buckley, updated more than 1 year ago
cian.buckley
Created by cian.buckley about 7 years ago
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Description

Leaving Certificate Geography (Primary Economic Activities) Mind Map on Using Our Peat Bogs, created by cian.buckley on 05/05/2013.

Resource summary

Using Our Peat Bogs
1 5% of IRL covered in peat bogs
1.1 extracted for centuries
1.1.1 cooking/heating
1.2 up to 20th century only basic tools used
1.2.1 1964 - Bord na Mona
1.2.1.1 sped up expoitation of bogs
1.2.1.2 exploits raised bogs
1.2.1.2.1 deep/flat/a lot of turf
1.2.1.2.2 Midlands
2 Exploiting our Midland Bogs
2.1 Step 1 - Bogs are prepared
2.1.1 Drainage
2.1.1.1 In the past
2.1.1.1.1 bogs left because ppl could not drain them
2.1.1.2 With newer technolgy
2.1.1.2.1 Ditcher
2.1.1.2.1.1 digs drains to remove surplus wayer
2.1.1.2.2 Grader
2.1.1.2.2.1 levels the bog
2.1.1.2.3 Heavy Tractors
2.1.1.2.3.1 lay railway tracks
2.2 Step 2 - Peat is harvested
2.2.1 With newer technology
2.2.1.1 milled peat
2.2.1.1.1 miller scrapes 1/2 cm of bog and tears into tiny fragments
2.2.1.1.2 left to dry
2.2.1.1.2.1 turned over by a harrow to speed it up
2.2.1.1.3 ridgers
2.2.1.1.3.1 gather it into small ridges
2.2.1.1.4 harvesters
2.2.2 in the past
2.2.2.1 slean
2.2.2.1.1 used to cut turf sods
2.2.2.2 sods footed and left to dry
2.3 Step 3 - Peat is transported away
2.3.1 in the past
2.3.1.1 animal drawn carts
2.3.2 with newer technology
2.3.2.1 turf trains
2.4 Step 4 - Using the processed peat
2.4.1 in the past
2.4.1.1 sod peat used as household fuel
2.4.2 since bord na mona
2.4.2.1 milled peat for electricity
2.4.2.2 peat briquettes
2.4.2.3 moss peat
2.4.2.3.1 fertiliser
2.4.2.4 sod peat
3 Future Uses of Bogs
3.1 Used up/preserved?
3.2 What can we do with our cutaway bogs?
3.2.1 coniferous trees can be grown
3.2.2 swampy wetlands for animals
3.2.3 wind farms
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