Graphic Communication

JamesJambles
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

This is a small part of the national 5 graphic communication course.

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JamesJambles
Created by JamesJambles over 5 years ago
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Graphic Communication
1 Design Principles
1.1 Balance
1.1.1 Keep a good balance of graphic and text
1.1.1.1 Don't over power it
1.2 Contrast
1.2.1 Use different text styles
1.2.2 gives it an eye catching quality
1.3 Emphasis/Dominace
1.3.1 Make the important bits stand out
1.3.2 Use underlining and bold the emphasis information
1.4 Rhythm
1.4.1 Make the reader want to read it
1.4.2 Keep it flowing
1.5 Alignment
1.5.1 Align elements in the article to make it stand out.
1.6 Proximity/Unity
1.7 White Space
1.7.1 Makes it more readable
1.8 Flow
1.8.1 Keep the article flowing with information and graphics.
2 Design Elements
2.1 Lines
2.1.1 To divide the article
2.2 Shape
2.2.1 Helps to keep the reader interested
2.3 Texture
2.3.1 Physical
2.3.1.1 the smoothness of the article
2.3.2 Visual
2.3.2.1 For graphics
2.4 Size
2.4.1 Things with the biggest size are the thing people see first
2.5 Colour
2.5.1 Keep your article bright and colourful
2.6 Value
2.6.1 Colour Tones
2.6.1.1 Makes it more dramatic
2.7 Mass
2.7.1 Things with a higher mass tend to stand out more
3 Site Plans
3.1 Location Plan
3.1.1 1:1250 Scale
3.1.2 Site map of the neighbourhood
3.1.3 Showing building and streets
3.1.4 Used to apply for planning permission
3.2 Site Plan
3.2.1 1:200 Scale
3.2.2 Of a single plot
3.2.3 Shows pre - exsisting fixed objects
3.2.4 What might be shown
3.2.4.1 Dimensions
3.2.4.1.1 To help with foundations
3.2.4.2 Underground drainage
3.2.4.3 Contour lines
3.2.4.3.1 Showing slope and elevation
3.3 Floor Plan
3.3.1 1:50 scale
3.3.2 Shows doors and windows
3.3.3 Show fixed items
3.3.3.1 Bathroom
3.3.3.2 Kitchen fittings
3.3.4 May show
3.3.4.1 Dimensions
3.3.4.2 Electrical items
3.3.4.2.1 Sockets
3.3.4.2.2 Switches
3.3.4.2.3 Lights
3.4 2:1
3.4.1 Twice the size of full scale
4 Colour
4.1 Primary colours
4.1.1 Red
4.1.2 Yellow
4.1.3 Blue
4.2 Secondary
4.2.1 Orange
4.2.2 Green
4.2.3 Purple
4.3 Contrasting colours
4.3.1 Apart on the colour wheel
4.4 Harmonising colours
4.4.1 Close on the colour wheel
4.5 Warm colours
4.5.1 red
4.5.2 yellow
4.5.3 orange
4.6 Cool colours
4.6.1 blue
4.6.2 green
4.6.3 gray
5 Most common building objects
5.1 Lamp
5.2 Switch
5.3 Socket
5.4 Insulation
5.5 Brickwork
5.6 Concrete
5.7 Sawn Wood
5.8 Window
5.9 Door
5.10 Sink top
5.11 Sink
5.12 Bath
5.13 Washbasin
5.14 Shower tray
5.15 Radiator
5.16 In-line valve
5.17 Junctions
5.18 Crossover
6 Desktop Publishing Terms
6.1 Handles
6.1.1 devices that surround an object when it is selected or active on the page
6.2 Alignment
6.2.1 How an object or text is lined up with other things in the page
6.3 Text Run-around
6.3.1 Technique of setting the text to follow the contour of an object
6.4 Orphan
6.4.1 A word left at the end of a page that is connected to text in a following page
6.5 OCR
6.5.1 Optical Character Recognition
6.5.2 using a scanner to scan objects that the text can be edited within word processing
6.6 Headline
6.6.1 Usually at the top of a page
6.6.2 Usually the larges text in the page
6.7 Running Headline
6.7.1 A title that runs across a double paged article
6.8 Sub- Headline
6.8.1 A heading that is smaller than the headline
6.9 Rule
6.9.1 A single line that is used to separate text into columns
6.10 Captions
6.10.1 text about an image
6.11 Gutters
6.11.1 The space between columns
6.12 Margins
6.12.1 The space between the edge of the paper and the text/graphics
6.13 Orientation
6.13.1 The positioning of paper
6.13.1.1 Landscape
6.13.1.2 Portrait
6.14 Font
6.14.1 The term used to describe every letter
7 Drawing Symbols
7.1 Visible Line
7.1.1 A thick, continuous line
7.2 Projection Line
7.2.1 A thin, continuous line
7.3 Hidden Outline
7.3.1 A thin, broken line
7.4 Centre Line
7.4.1 A thin chain line
7.5 Fold Line
7.5.1 A thin double dashed chain line
7.6 Cross-Hatching
7.6.1 Looks like its been cut
7.7 Third Angle Projection
7.7.1 To help explain layout