Pesticide poisoning caused toddler's death

rama ibrahim
Mind Map by rama ibrahim, updated more than 1 year ago
rama ibrahim
Created by rama ibrahim over 3 years ago
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Mind Map on Pesticide poisoning caused toddler's death, created by rama ibrahim on 12/16/2016.

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Pesticide poisoning caused toddler's death
1 Types
1.1 chemical poisning
1.1.1 how it enters
1.1.1.1 inhalation
1.1.1.2 ingestion
1.1.1.3 absorption
1.1.1.4 injection
1.1.2 causes
1.1.2.1 food
1.1.2.2 drug
1.1.2.3 alcohol
1.1.2.4 carbon monoxide
1.1.2.5 heavy metal
1.1.2.6 radon
1.1.2.7 chemical
1.1.3 signs & symptoms
1.1.3.1 Feeling and being sick
1.1.3.2 Diarrhea.
1.1.3.3 Stomach pain.
1.1.3.4 Drowsiness, dizziness
1.1.3.5 Chills (shivering).
1.1.3.6 Breathing difficulties.
1.1.3.7 Producing more saliva than normal.
1.1.3.8 Seizures (fits).
1.1.3.9 Loss of consciousness
1.1.4 medical tests to identify poisoning
1.1.4.1 blood
1.1.4.1.1 RBC cholinesterase test
1.1.4.2 urine
1.1.4.3 liver function
1.1.4.3.1 check for
1.1.4.3.1.1 ALT, AST, ALP
1.1.4.4 kidney function
1.1.4.4.1 check for
1.1.4.4.1.1 urea, creatinine, eGFR,dissolved salts, blood
1.1.4.5 stool sample
1.1.4.6 Autopsy
1.1.4.6.1 to determine the cause of death
1.1.4.6.2 to collect evidence from the body
1.1.4.6.3 legal approach to autopsies in the UAE
1.1.4.6.3.1 All gross analysis of surgical and autopsy tissue are preformed by a qualified pathologist
1.1.5 poison affects on synapses
1.1.5.1 cholinesterase
1.1.5.1.1 inhibited by poison
1.1.5.1.1.1 more stimulation
1.1.5.1.1.1.1
1.1.5.1.2 enzyme that hydrolyzes Ach
1.1.5.1.3 inhibits over-contraction
1.1.6 manegment
1.1.6.1 first aid of poisoning
1.1.6.1.1 ABC-DEF Rule
1.1.6.1.1.1 A: airways
1.1.6.1.1.2 B: breathing
1.1.6.1.1.3 C: circulation
1.1.6.1.1.4 D: decontamination
1.1.6.1.1.5 E:Enhance Elimination
1.1.6.1.1.6 F:Fluids or Fluids replacement
1.1.6.2 medically induced coma
1.1.6.2.1 last line treatment of status epilepticus
1.1.6.2.2 to protect brain in major neurosurgeries
1.1.6.2.3 pentobarbital
1.1.6.2.4 thiopental
1.1.6.3 invasive hemodynamic moitoring
1.1.6.4 history tacking
1.1.6.4.1 if the patient was counscious we ask him if not we ask anyone was in the scence
1.1.7 treatment
1.1.7.1 hemodialysis
1.1.7.1.1 treat the metabolic acidosis
1.1.7.1.1.1 causes
1.1.7.1.1.1.1 lactic acidosis
1.1.7.1.1.1.2 ketoacidosis
1.1.7.1.1.1.3 renal tubular acidosis
1.1.7.1.1.2 imbalance of acid and base
1.1.7.1.2 to restore the proper balance of electrolytes
1.1.8 long term effect
1.1.8.1 immune system
1.1.8.2 nervous system
1.1.8.3 lungs
1.1.8.4 liver
1.1.8.5 reproductive health
1.2 food poisning
1.2.1 causes
1.2.1.1 toxic agents
1.2.1.1.1 poisnous mushrooms
1.2.1.1.2 improperly prepared food
1.2.1.1.3 pesticides found on fruits
1.2.1.2 infectious agents
1.2.1.2.1 parasite
1.2.1.2.2 viruses
1.2.1.2.3 bacteria
1.2.1.2.3.1 staphylococcus aureus
1.2.1.2.3.2 bacillus cereus
1.2.1.2.3.3 clostridium botulinum
1.2.1.2.3.4 c.perfringenes
1.2.1.2.3.5 campylobacter
1.2.2 symptoms
1.2.2.1 nausea & vomiting
1.2.2.2 diarrhea
1.2.2.3 stomach cramps
1.2.3 occurs when
1.2.3.1 improper handling
1.2.3.2 food preperation
1.2.3.3 food storage
2 The nervous system
2.1 autonomic nervous system
2.1.1 sympathetic
2.1.1.1 short preganglionic & long postganglionic
2.1.1.2 increase blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate
2.1.2 parasymapthetic
2.1.2.1 long preganglionic & short postganglionic
2.1.2.2 decrease blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate
2.2 somatic nervous system
2.3 communicate through
2.3.1 synapses
2.3.1.1 electrical synapses
2.3.1.1.1 free movement of ions from cell to another
2.3.1.2 chemical synapses
2.3.1.2.1 neurotransmitters
2.3.1.2.1.1 adrenergic pathway
2.3.1.2.1.1.1 receptors
2.3.1.2.1.1.1.1 alpha
2.3.1.2.1.1.1.2 beta
2.3.1.2.1.1.2 release dopamine
2.3.1.2.1.2 types
2.3.1.2.1.2.1 adrenaline
2.3.1.2.1.2.2 GABA
2.3.1.2.1.2.3 endorphines
2.3.1.2.1.3 cholinergic pathway
2.3.1.2.1.3.1 release Ach
2.3.1.2.1.3.2 receptors
2.3.1.2.1.3.2.1 muscarinic
2.3.1.2.1.3.2.2 nicotinic
2.3.1.2.2 depolarization and Ca2+ channels open, influx of Ca2+, neurotransmitters diffuse across the synaptic cleft
3 safety measurements of children at home
3.1 prevent falls
3.2 prevent burns and scalds
3.3 safe around glass
3.4 electrical safety
3.5 prevent poising
4 delivering bad news to a child
4.1 get yourself under control
4.2 talk about death in age appropriate, clear terms
4.3 encourage children to give voice to their feelings and to participate in activities
5 sibling death
5.1 show grief in many ways
5.1.1 may sleep of cry more than usual
5.1.2 may return to earlier behaviors
5.1.3 complain about aches or pain
5.2 pathological
5.2.1 post traumatic stress disorder
5.2.1.1 treatment
5.2.1.1.1 cognitive behavioral therapy
5.2.1.1.2 group therapy
5.2.1.1.3 anxiety management
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