Sustainable Management in Tropical Rainforests

nataliesmith27
Mind Map by nataliesmith27, updated more than 1 year ago
nataliesmith27
Created by nataliesmith27 almost 6 years ago
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A-Level Geography Mind Map on Sustainable Management in Tropical Rainforests, created by nataliesmith27 on 04/07/2014.
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Sustainable Management in Tropical Rainforests
1 SELECTIVE LOGGING
1.1 Only some trees are felled- most trees are left standing. This is less damaging to the forest as if only a few trees are taken the overall forest structure is kept- the canopys still thee and soil isnt exposed so forest can regenerate
1.2 Least damaging forms are 'horse logging and 'helicopter logging'- dragging felled trees out of forest with horses/helicopters instead of huge trucks
2 REPLANTING
2.1 New trees are planted to replace cut down ones
2.1.1 meaning trees for people to use in future
2.1.2 Important the same types of tree that was cut is planted to keep variety
3 EDUCATION
3.1 Some people aren't aware of environmental impacts of deforesation
3.2 Local people try to make money the short term (e.g illegal logging)
3.3 Educating them about impacts/ways to reduce their impacts and also alternative ways to make money that don't damage environment
4 REDUCING DEMAND FOR HARD WOOD
4.1 Hard wood is a general term for word from certain tree types
4.1.1 Fairly dense and hard- used to make things like furniture
4.2 High demand for hardwood in richer countries
4.3 tropical hardwood trees are becoming rarer- some richer countries are trying to reduce demand
4.4 Strategies to reduce deamnd include heavily taxing importted hardwood or banning its sale
4.5 Some ocuntries with tropical rainforesrs also ban logging of hardwood species
5 PROTECTION
5.1 Environmental laws can be used to protect rainforests:
5.1.1 Laws that ban illegal logging
5.1.1.1 Laws that ban logging of some tree species e.g mahogany
5.2 Many countries have set up national parks and nature reserves within rainforests. In these areas damaging activites e,g logging are restricted.
6 REDUCING DEBT
6.1 Poorer countries often borrow money from richer countries or organistations to fund development schemes or cope with emergencies like floods- this money has to be paid back
6.1.1 These countries often lalow logging/farming/mining in raindorests to make money to pay back the debt
6.1.1.1 By reducing the debt would mean they wouldn't have to do this and the rainforests would be conserved
7 ECOTOURISM
7.1 Tourism that doesn't harm the environment and benefits the local people
7.2 source of income for local people- guides, provide accomation etc- dont have to log or farm to make money
7.3 small-scale: environmental impact of tourism low
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