Evidence of Youth Inequalities

Yasmine King
Mind Map by Yasmine King, updated more than 1 year ago
Yasmine King
Created by Yasmine King over 4 years ago
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Evidence of Inequalities in youth

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Evidence of Youth Inequalities
  1. Labour Market
    1. Labour Force Survey (1999), 12.3% aged 15-24 were unemployed compared with only 4.9% of people over 25
      1. Baron and Norris, Young people more likely to be found in the secondary labour market
        1. Institute for Public Policy Research, Are still 868,000 out of work 16-24 year olds and 247,000 have been looking for over a year
        2. Income and Wealth
          1. Gramsci, youth do not question their exploitation through the labour market. Accepting things like zero-hours contracts
            1. The Guardian (2007), more likely to be unemployed and have lower incomes, 1 million jobs for young people lost since 2007
              1. End Child Poverty (2013), 3.5 million children living in poverty in Uk. Almost 63% of them live in a family where someone works
              2. Social Mobility
                1. Observer (2014)
                  1. Median Pay of 22-29 year olds £9.73 an hour 10% lower than in 2006
                    1. Proportion of 18 to 24 year olds in work fell from 65% at start of 2007 to 56% at the end of 2012
                    2. Guardian 2012, Under 25's at least twice as likely to have experienced prejudice
                    3. Health
                      1. National Statistics.gov.uk, 6 in 10 diagnosed with chlamydia are aged 16-24
                        1. Sir Michael Marmot, life expectancy for women and death rates among the under 5's are worse in the UK compared to the rest of Europe
                          1. Barnardos 2000, 1/5 children and teenagers experience psychological problems. Ill health among children is rising, with particularly respiratory disease and emotional problems
                          2. Crime
                            1. Hough and Roberts (2004), Public perception of the extent of youth crime is far greater than the truth. 42% believed all crime was by the young but it was only 10-20%
                              1. ONS, risk of being a victim of murder or manslaughter in 2007/08 was highest for men aged 16 and 20.
                                1. Child abuse and elderly abuse among those crimes most likely to be hidden from official statistics (dark figure of crime)
                                2. Media
                                  1. Griffin, media portrays youths as a social problem in 3 ways; dysfunctional, suffering a deficit and deviant
                                    1. Thornton, Rave culture- moral panic
                                      1. Cohen, Mods and Rockers- moral panic
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