Gerunds and Gerundives in Latin

Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

AS level Latin Mind Map on Gerunds and Gerundives in Latin, created by tomt19 on 04/08/2014.

Created by tomt19 over 5 years ago
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Gerunds and Gerundives in Latin
1 Gerunds
1.1 noun made from a verb
1.2 translated as "the act of doing X"
1.3 it is a second declension neuter noun like "bellum" and declines likewise.
1.4 has no plural
1.5 never used in the nominative case or the accusative acting a s a direct object, instead in theses instances the infinitive is used.
1.5.1 is used in the accusative however with prepositions that require an accusative object. (ie. ad)
1.6 conjugates as: Currendum, currendi, currendo, currendo
1.7 qualified by an adverb and not an adjective
1.8 "ad + gerund" creates a purpose to the verb, therefore "ad oppugnandum" is equivalent to "ut oppugnaret"
2 Gerundives
2.1 this is an adjective formed from a verb
2.2 it does not have a tense but does refer to a type of hypothetical future.
2.3 it is passive
2.4 created from the verb stem + characteristic vowel + -nd- +-a/-us/-um
2.5 the agent in a gerundive sentence is always in the dative
3 Gerundival attraction
3.1 this is where a gerund is transformed into a gerundive
3.2 as the gerund cannot take an object, if an object is introduced to the sentence, the gerund is forced to become a gerundive
3.3 if the gerund has a direct object, that noun changes to the case of the gerund, and the gerund changes into a geundive which agrees with it.

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