War Photographer

Kai Lee
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

Mind Map on War Photographer, created by Kai Lee on 04/08/2014.

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Kai Lee
Created by Kai Lee over 5 years ago
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War Photographer
1 Form & structure
1.1 The poem is laid out in four regular six-line stanzas, with each stanza ending in a rhyming couplet.
1.2 This structure is interesting since its very rigid(刻板的) order contrasts with the chaotic(混乱), disturbing images described in the poem.
2 Stanza one
2.1 “spools of suffering”, "ordered rows"
2.1.1 Photographer attempts to restore the order to the chaotic images contained within them
2.1.2 He handles the pictures with the same respect with which a priest would prepare for communion and there is a definite spirituality(灵性) to this process.
2.1.3 here it makes us think of graves, or bodies waiting to be buried.
2.2 This religious imagery is effective in not only conveying the dedication(奉献) the photographer feels towards his occupation(职业) but also because, like a priest, he too is often exposed to death and suffering.
2.3 “red light”
2.3.1 connotations of the light that burns continuously in Catholic churches to symbolise the presence of Christ and also of blood– a sight that the photographer must be all too familiar with.
2.3.2 the darkroom is a place of sanctuary(圣所) for the photographer, just as a religious or spiritual person may look for the same kind of solace(安慰) in a church had they been confronted with the same horrors that the photographer must endure(忍受).
2.4 "a priest preparing to intone a Mass"
2.4.1 instead of preparing for mass, the photographer is developing images of war– evidence of inhuman behaviour which only serves to contradict(反驳) the fundamental(基本) teachings of the Church.
2.5 "Belfast. Beirut. Phnom Penh"
2.5.1 list of the places where he has recorded images of conflict. Duffy's deliberate use of full stops here helps to “fix” the images – the final part of the printing process - into the mind of the reader.
2.5.2 Duffy makes it clear that these wars are happening across the world, from Europe (Belfast), to the Middle East (Beirut) to Asia (Phnom Penh
2.6 "all flesh is grass"
2.6.1 the quotation comes from the New Testament and reinforces the religious imagery as well as emphasising the fragility of life

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