Mecca (Makkah) 6th to 8th century

H. N.
Mind Map by H. N., updated more than 1 year ago
H. N.
Created by H. N. over 3 years ago
11
0

Description

Historia Mind Map on Mecca (Makkah) 6th to 8th century, created by H. N. on 01/22/2017.

Resource summary

Mecca (Makkah) 6th to 8th century
1 Merchant’s city
2 Ka'aba
2.1 (temple for pagan Arabs where they placed their idols and worshipped them)
2.2 —at center of Ka’aba, large black stone that fell from sky (probably meteor), considered holy by pagan Arabs
2.3 —represented place of refuge b/c fighting forbidden in Ka’aba
2.4 —gathering place
2.5 —first temple on earth built by Adam (Adem), who was 90 feet tall
2.5.1 —later rebuilt by Abraham and Ishmael (Ibrahim, Ismail)
3 Epicenter of Islam religion
3.1 —”fifth pillar” of Islam
3.2 —in 628, Muhammad and followers peacefully marched to Mecca for pilgrimage
3.2.1 —both Muslims and Meccas entered Treaty of Hudaybiyyah
3.2.2 —Muslims and Quraysh would stop fighting and Muslims could be allowed to enter the city in the next year
3.2.2.1 —2 years later, Quraysh violated the truce
3.2.2.1.1 —instead of fighting, Mecca surrendered to Muhammad, who declared amnesty for the inhabitants
3.2.3 —Mecca cleansed of its idols and cult images in the Ka’aba, declared holiest site in Islam by Muhammad
4 Area
4.1 —around Mecca completely barren
4.2 —Mecca was the wealthiest and most important Arabian settlement
4.2.1 —abundant water from Zamzam Well
4.2.1.1 —site of holiest shrine in Arabia: Ka’aba
4.2.1.2 —crossroads of major caravan routes
4.2.2 —harsh conditions in the Arabian peninsula
4.2.2.1 —constant conflict between tribes
4.2.2.2 —once a year truce was declared and they would go to Mecca for pilgrimage
4.2.2.2.1 —religious journey
4.2.2.2.2 —pay homage to the shrine
4.2.2.2.3 —drink from Zamzam Well
4.2.2.2.4 —the time each year when:
4.2.2.2.4.1 —disputes arbitrated
4.2.2.2.4.2 —debts resolved
4.2.2.2.4.3 —trading at Mecca fairs
4.2.2.2.5 —gave tribes a common sense of identity (why Mecca so important)
5 Literature
5.1 —Poetry in 8th century Arabia refined art; thought of as the ultimate intellectual production within tribes
5.1.1 —Famous poems posted on walls of Ka’aba for people to read and enjoy
5.1.2 —Arabs developed high level of fidelity of literary works (especially poetry)
5.1.3 —Most famous poems were Mu’allaqat (“The Suspended Odes," or "The Hanging Poems"
5.1.3.1 —7 renowned poets:
5.1.3.1.1 Imru' al-Qais
5.1.3.1.2 Labīd
5.1.3.1.2.1 Time in his lengthened chain of years has bound / Our mortal race, nor e’er his conqueror found: / I've seen him pass by day, I've seen by night, / And still, unchanged, return with morning's light. / Time, like Lebīd, grows older every day, / But waxes stronger, while I waste away.
5.1.3.1.3 Tarafa
5.1.3.1.4 Zuhayr ibn Abi Sulma
5.1.3.1.5 Antara Ibn Shaddad
5.1.3.1.6 Amr ibn Kulthum
5.1.3.1.7 Harith ibn Hilliza
6 People
6.1 —polygamy
6.2 —patriarchal society
6.2.1 —infant females killed at birth (Islam prohibited this later; called it barbaric)
6.2.1.1 —under Islam, both genders expected to travel to Mecca in worship
6.2.1.1.1 —prayed in mosques unsegregated from men
6.2.1.2 —women’s full ‘personhood’ respected
6.2.1.3 —dowry to be paid to the woman and not her family
6.2.1.4 —women contributed to the canonization of the Qu’ran
6.2.1.5 —engaged in commercial transactions
6.2.1.6 —encouraged to seek knowledge
6.2.1.6.1 —both instructors and pupils
6.2.1.7 —Aishah (born in Mecca), Muhammad’s last wife, authority in medicine, history and rhetoric
6.2.1.8 —behaved relatively autonomously in early Islam
6.2.1.9 —did not hold religious titles, but held political power (some w/husbands, some alone)
6.2.1.9.1 —Khayzuran governed Muslim Empire under three Abbasid caliphs in 8th century
6.3 —traded in slaves (not necessarily black Africans—slaves no by race, but by conquest)
7 Language Family
7.1 —Hejazi Arabic
7.1.1 —Peninsular
7.1.1.1 —Arabic
7.1.1.1.1 —Central Semantic
7.1.1.1.1.1 —Semantic
7.1.1.1.1.1.1 —Afro-Asiatic
Show full summary Hide full summary

Similar

Segunda Guerra Mundial 1939-1945
miminoma
Religious Expression
Dhanil Capil
Major World Religions-Islam
Caoimhe O'Connell
AP World History Chapter 7
matthewchand12
Línea de Tiempo
Juan Ponce
Antiguo Régimen vs Estado Moderno
Juliana Pulido
6th—8th centuries
H. N.
Matters of Life and Death GCSE
kate.siena
Primera a Segunda Guerra Mundial
Brandon Zuñiga
ARTE DE GRECIA
Leonor Gimenez