Parliamentary Sovereignty

Mind Map by sophia.h.staplet, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by sophia.h.staplet almost 8 years ago


Parliamentary Sovereignty Mind Map on Parliamentary Sovereignty, created by sophia.h.staplet on 09/05/2013.

Resource summary

Parliamentary Sovereignty
1 The UK Constitution
1.1 establishes relationship between the ruler and ruled
1.2 affects everyone in society, so will always be contentious - LJ Laws The Good Constituion
1.3 unwritten, supreme, monarchial, separated powers, flexible
2 Traditional meaning Dicey can make or unmake any law
3 One of the two pillars of the constitution, or one of three principles
4 Parliament cannot bind itself or successors
4.1 Ellen St Estates v Minister of Health [1934]
4.1.1 Maughan LJ 'parliament cannot bind its successor in the form of subsequent legislation" no entrenchment
4.2 unlike in countries with a written constitution
4.2.1 Germany - first 19 articles can never be changed or repealed
5 supreme political authority
5.1 Earl of Shaftesbury (1688) England's parliament's absolute and supreme power gives life and motion to the English government
6 Should there be PS?
6.1 Hobbes life would be brutish and cruel - war of all against all
6.2 Lord Halisham 1976 lecture "elective dictatorship"
6.3 Pickin v British Railway Board [1974] Lord Reid "the idea that a court could disregard any provision in an act of parliament must seem strange and startling to anyone with a knowledge of the history of the UK constitution"
7 Still sovereign?
7.1 affect of EU
7.1.1 European Communities Act 1973 s. 4(2) supremacy of EC law Van Gend En Loos [1963] "new legal order" Costa v ENEL [1964] supremacy of national law would put the community into question Internationale Handelgesellschaft [1970] EC law supreme Simmenthal [1978] Factortame [1991] Lord Bridge - EC established supremacy even before UK membership, parliament accepted limitation voluntarily, accepted all ECJ decisions in past Equal Opportunities Case [1994] Lord Keith - ECJ cannot strike down national law but can judicially review and declare incompatible
7.2 Thoburn v City of Sunderland et al [2002] Laws LJ there should be a hierachy recognised: ordinary - constitutional
7.3 Transport Roth Gmbh v SoS Home Department [2003] British system inbetween PS and CS
7.3.1 constitutional/fundamental rights have been recognised and supported by common law
7.4 Jackson v Attorney General [2005]
7.4.1 Lord Steyn: no place for Dicey PS in modern UK
7.4.2 Lord Hope: the fact that this case is being heard at all shows there is a part for courts to play in defining PS
7.5 December 2012 - attempt to repeal HR 1998
7.6 R v SoS ex parte Simms [2000] Lord Hoffman 'fundamental rights cannot be overriden with general or ambiguous words"
8 Can choose it's own composition, procedure and length
8.1 Parliaments Act 1911 - Maximum 5 years
8.1.1 Previously changed WW2 Prolongation of Parliament Acts 40 - 44
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