Events of Peasants Revolt 1381

jacksearle
Mind Map by jacksearle, updated more than 1 year ago
jacksearle
Created by jacksearle about 7 years ago
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A-Levels 14th Century History Mind Map on Events of Peasants Revolt 1381, created by jacksearle on 05/09/2013.
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Events of Peasants Revolt 1381
1 The Spark
1.1 John of Gaunt raises Poll Tax to fund 100 years war plan
1.1.1 Poll Tax, 1377=4d 1380=4d 1381=12d
1.1.1.1 Essex 1377 : 50000 approx people pay tax
1.1.1.1.1 Essex 1381 30000 approx people pay tax
1.1.1.1.1.1 John hires Hales as treasurer - main task of collecting unpaid tax
1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Fobbing Tax Collector - checks peoples daughters to see if they're adults
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Disgusting practice - people pay to avoid daughters being touched
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Brentwood Court - Lord Bampton in Charge
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Orders local men to pay tax - peasants turn on guards, Bampton flees
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Word spreads - more villages refuse to pay - leads to march on London
2 Key People
2.1 Richard II
2.1.1 14 year old king
2.2 John of Gaunt
2.2.1 King's advisor/in charge of army
2.3 Sudbury
2.3.1 Archbishop of Canterbury
2.3.1.1 King's advisor
2.4 Wat Tyler
2.4.1 Leader of the Peasants Revolt
2.5 Hales
2.5.1 treasurer - in charge of collecting tax
2.6 John Ball
2.6.1 Influential Priest - one of leaders of the revolt
3 Beginning - 13th June
3.1 King sails out to Blackheath
3.1.1 Peasants demand to speak with his advisors
3.1.1.1 King refuses sails back to tower of London
3.1.1.1.1 Peasants march into Suffolk
3.1.1.1.1.1 Release prisoners whilst there
3.1.1.1.1.2 Peasant joined by some wealthy + important people
3.1.1.1.1.2.1 Could only enter London via London Bridge
3.1.1.1.1.2.1.1 Seemed to negotiate way in somehow, possible influence of important men convinced guards?
3.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.1 Many Londoners welcomed peasants - however there is fear about possible destruction caused
4 Rioting
4.1 Peasants believed John of Gaunt was to blame
4.1.1 was in Scotland at the time, luckily for him
4.1.2 Wrecked Savoy Palace, throwing posessions into Thames
4.1.2.1 Made point of not stealing goods, here purely to destroy goods belonging to King's advisors - not personal gains
4.1.2.1.1 Left Palace in ruins for decades - made a statement
4.1.2.1.1.1 Had a massive national impact - message spread to Europe - big news
4.1.2.1.1.1.1 Around 300 dead, a lot compared to pop of London at the time
4.1.2.1.1.1.1.1 People horrified that 'vermin' peasants were able to organise mass movement
5 14th June
5.1 King meets peasants at mile end
5.1.1 Agrees to demands - gets it in writing
5.1.1.1 Richard needs to keep his country
5.1.1.1.1 Tower of London had never fell til revolt
5.1.1.1.1.1 Drawbridge down, King or someone close was on peasants side
5.1.1.1.1.1.1 Hales and Sudbury executed by peasants
5.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Made huge difference in just a week - massive society change
5.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Trusted Richard to keep to word - many satisfied peasants went home
5.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Wat Tyler not finished, wanted more.
6 15th June
6.1 Peasants met Richard at Smithfield
6.1.1 Peasants armed - no difference between royals and peasants
6.1.1.1 Peasants had long bows + many violent weapons
6.1.1.1.1 Roughly 300-400 peasants to 200 King's men
6.1.1.1.1.1 Possibly was a plot to embarrass Wat publicly
6.1.1.1.1.1.1 Wat gives demands - King accepts
6.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Wat then killed, different versions of storys
6.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 stabbed in the neck, left for dead
6.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Richard rides into crowd, announces that he is their king, leads them to Clarkenwell
6.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Tyler's head cut off, taken to rebels, who were surrounded and demoralised
6.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Richard had never been on peasants side
7 Aftermath
7.1 King sent men to kill leaders of revolt
7.1.1 100s dead before official prosecutions
7.1.1.1 Over next 5 months, rebellion wiped out completely
7.1.1.1.1 King wanted revolt ended and forgotten about -embarrassed
7.1.1.1.1.1 Sudbury supporters retrieved head and returned it to his cathedral
8 Impact
8.1 Showed peasants could get together and organise mass powerful movement
8.2 Set the tone for further revolts in later centuries
8.3 Idea of protesting for justice lived on
9 Demands
9.1 Blackheath
9.1.1 1. to meet King in person
9.1.1.1 2. That some nobles be handed over to peasants
9.2 Mile End
9.2.1 1. End of serfdom
9.2.1.1 2. Free sale of produce
9.2.1.1.1 3.Rent at 4d per acre/per annum
9.2.1.1.1.1 4.Noone to be punished for involvement
9.3 Smithfield
9.3.1 1. Freedom from social heirarchy - no higher clergy but King and John Ball as Archbishop
9.3.1.1 2. local police and courts to be put in place
9.3.1.1.1 3. Redistribution of wealth
9.4 Did not demand end to poll tax
9.4.1 Shows there were other bigger issues around at time
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