1.1 Throughout the play many of
the main events happen due to
1.1.1 The Witches (The weird sisters)
18.104.22.168 The reason that Macbeth even
entertains the idea of murder is due to
the Weird sister's prophecies.
22.214.171.124.1 Witches to Macbeth: "All hail, Macbeth! hail to thee, thank
of Cawdor!/ All hail Macbeth! that shalt be king hereafter." (Act 1 sc. 3)
126.96.36.199.1.1 Banquo after the first prophecy comes true: "What, can the devil speak
true?" (act 1 sc 3)
188.8.131.52.2 The same prophecies also cause Macbeth to
have Banquo murdered, as well as believe
himself unkillable for a period of time.
1.1.2 Appirations, Dreams, and Nature
184.108.40.206 Macbeth see several apperations: The dagger pointing him to the murder of Duncan, the
Ghost of Banquo after his dimise on Macbeths orders and of course the Weird sisters
themselves. He is also unable to say "amen" after commiting the act of murder, unable to
connect to God.
220.127.116.11 Lady Macbeth is unable to be at peace
after the murder. She is unable to rest and
still believes that her hands are covered in
18.104.22.168 Nature itself revolts against
the murder of Duncan.
22.214.171.124.1 "A falcon tow'ring in her pride of place, was by a
mousing owl hawk'd at and kill'd." (Act 2 sc 4)
126.96.36.199.1.1 This shows that like Macbeth and Duncan,
something lower killed something higher in an
un-natural turn of events.
2 Unchecked Ambition
2.1 Both Macbeth's and Lady Macbeths uncheked ambition
leads them to do several horrible deeds.
2.1.1 Macbeths desire to be king wars with his loyalty to
Duncan, to the point where Lady Macbeth is able to
convince him to commit the act.
188.8.131.52 Lady Macbeth's desire for a higher station drover
her to this, as the only way a woman could move up
would be through their husbands.
184.108.40.206.1 Lady Macbeth attempting to convince Macbeth
when his loyalty wins out: "was the hop drunk ,
wherein you dresed yourself?" (act 1. sc 7)
220.127.116.11 "I have no spur/ To prick the sides of my intent,
but only/ Vaulting ambition which o'erleaps itself."
(Act ! sc. 7)
2.1.2 Macbeths ambition also leads him to a falling
out with his friend Banquo; he later kills him in
an attempt to protect his own power.
18.104.22.168 Knowing that there is even the slimmest a chance
that Fleance could one day start a line of kings due
to his escape enrages Macbeeth.
3.1 The theme of Gender is evident through out
the play, with several different characters being affected by it.
3.1.1 Lady Macbeth and the Witches defy
their gender expectations by being
as cruel as men are often portrayed.
22.214.171.124 Hecate: " He shall spurn fate, scorn death and
bear his hopes 'bove wisdoms grace..."(Act 2 sc.
3.1.2 Lady Macbeth makes fun of
Macbeth, taunting his
masculinity to make him act
and kill Duncan
126.96.36.199 Lady Macbeth: "And, to be more than what you
were, you wouold Be so much more the man." (Act 1.
3.1.3 Lady Macbeth believes that she must become more
masculine in order to become cruel.
188.8.131.52 "Unsex me here, and fill me
fromcrown to toe top-full of
direst cruelty." (Act 1. sc. 5)
3.1.4 While Shakespeare's known for strong female leads, this play seems to
lack one. Interestingly enough not one woman in the play remains alive to
the end of it.
4 Guilt and Remorse
4.1 In the first few act neither guilt or remorse is ver
evident. However as the play continues the two
become very evident.
4.1.1 Lady Macbeth has a strong sense of both
guilt and remorse for killing Duncan.
184.108.40.206 She is unable to sleep, instead
wandering the halls with a lone
and murmuring about the deed.
220.127.116.11 She is also constantly washing her hands in an
attempt to get image of Duncan's blood off of them.
18.104.22.168.1 "Will all Neptune's ocean wash this blood clean from my hand? No; this my hand will
rather the multitudinous seas incarnadine making the green one red." (Act 2 sc. 2)
22.214.171.124 She writes the secret on a piece of paper, before locking it
away. This signifies her need to keep it hidden dispite the toll
its taking on her both physically and mentally.
4.1.2 Macbeth can no longer say "amen" after killing Duncan; he is unable
to make that connection to God. This is caused my his own innate sense
of guilt not wanting God to have knowledge of what he has done.
126.96.36.199 Listening their fear, I could not say, "Amen," when they
did say, "Gid bless us." (Act 2 sc. 2)