Agencies of socialisation: Education and Family

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Mind Map on Agencies of socialisation: Education and Family, created by bryonyelgey on 05/10/2013.

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Created by bryonyelgey over 6 years ago
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Agencies of socialisation: Education and Family
1 When learning our culture, the most important agency of socialisation if the family, We interact with members of our family everyday.
1.1 -An agency of socialisation is a person or group of people who finfluence the socialisation of children, and later adults.
1.2 -Nuclear families are those consisting of two parents and dependent children.
1.3 -Primary relationships are relationships where a person has ongoing, intimate, personal, face-to-face contact with those who are responsible for the primary socialisation process.
1.4 -Role modelling is when an individual observes another person's behaviour and modifies their own behaviour to replicate theirs.
1.5 -Symmetrical family is a family in which men and women are equal; they may do some tasks seperately but there is a balance of responsibility between partners.
2 We begin to learn appropriate behaviour for our gender in our family. FEMINISTS claim that the traditional nuclear family is a patriarchal institution in which men dominate.
2.1 -There is a debate in sociology about whether nuclear families are symmetrical. The way roles are allocated are likely to influence the gender identity of boys and girls as they observe the tasks of their parents in their family and model their own behaviour on those.
3 Talcott Parsons (1961)-FUNCTIONALIST
3.1 -Claims that in families children are taught particularistic values. Each family may have slightly different norms and values, meaning that some children may that some children may be allowed to do things others aren't. Parsons claims that education is the only place where children are all socialised in the same way.
3.1.1 -Parsons also claims that children learn that success at school is based on ability, so that those who get the best results in tests are suited for successful careers. The hidden curriculum is good as it teaches children what they will need to keep society functioning well.
4 Haralambos and Holborn (2000)
4.1 -Claim that research shows that compared to working-class families, middle-class parents emphasise high achievement at school and reward success.
4.1.1 -These differences in primary socialisation may help to explain why middle-class children tend to achieve better examination results than working-class children.
5 Young and Wilmott (1973)
5.1 -Claim that families are becoming increasingly summetrical, but OAKLEY'S (1974) research disputes this.
6 Bowles and Gintis (1976) - MARXIST
6.1 -Marxist sociologists claim that although schools teach children that the most intelligent get the best results in tests, this is not what actually happens.
6.1.1 -Bowles and Gintis claim that through the hidden curriculum children are taught to respect authority and accept boredom. Those who do best in tests are not the most intelligent but are those who behave in the way middle-class teachers expect.
6.1.2 -For MARXISTS, schools socialise children to accept the way society is organised as FAIR. This is good for the ruling class in order to prevent working-class rebellion. Therefore, secondary socialisation at school is teaching working-class children to acceot the culture of the ruling class, and an unfair society.

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