Bandura et al (1961) Evaluation

ayahm196
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AS Level Learning Approach (Bandura (1961)) Mind Map on Bandura et al (1961) Evaluation, created by ayahm196 on 05/03/2014.

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ayahm196
Created by ayahm196 over 5 years ago
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Bandura et al (1961) Evaluation
1 GENERALISABILITY
1.1 The study is generalisable to some extent to the target population of children aged between 3 and 6. This is because quite a large sample of 72 was used.
1.2 It can not be generalised to the whole population as it is unrepresentative of people of other ages.
1.3 Only American participants were used, therefore it is unrepresentative of children/people of other cultures. They may have acted in a different way, therefore the study can not be generalised to non-Americans.
1.4 The study is generalisable to both genders as an equal number of boys and girls were used.
2 RELIABILITY
2.1 The study was a lab experiment, therefore there was a high level of control of all the variables. The children's behaviour was analysed by two observers, so the study had a high inter-rater reliability. Bandura made sure that the models used the exact same routine each time, so the study had an overall high level of reliability.
3 APPLICATION
3.1 The study can be applied to real life as it provides us with an explanation as to why people can become violent after watching violent TV programmes or playing aggressive video games. Also, it shows us the influence of models and imitation.
4 VALIDITY
4.1 There was a high level of ecological validity as the study was based in a university nursery, a natural setting. However, the task was artificial, lowering it's ecological validity. The children had also never seen a Bobo doll before so they may have felt as if they had to copy the models and be aggressive with the doll. Bandura also provoked and deliberately annoyed the children beforehand, so this was not a true reflection of their aggression levels.
5 ETHICS
5.1 Protection of participants - Bandura did not protect the participants as he made them distressed by making them feel aggressive. The study was unethical as it exposed the children to physical and verbal aggression.

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