Biology - Living Things / Animal and Plant Cells

cian.buckley
Mind Map by , created almost 7 years ago

Leaving Certificate Biology Mind Map on Biology - Living Things / Animal and Plant Cells , created by cian.buckley on 01/22/2013.

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cian.buckley
Created by cian.buckley almost 7 years ago
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Biology - Living Things / Animal and Plant Cells / Food
1 Biology - Living Things
1.1 Seven Characteristics of Living Things
1.1.1 Movement
1.1.1.1 from place to place
1.1.1.2 growing towards light
1.1.1.3 opening/closing petals
1.1.2 Respiration
1.1.2.1 release of energy from food
1.1.3 Sensitivity
1.1.3.1 reaction to stimuli
1.1.4 Feeding
1.1.4.1 making food
1.1.4.2 eating
1.1.5 Excretion
1.1.5.1 getting rid of wastes from the body
1.1.6 Reproduction
1.1.7 Growth
1.1.8 MRS. FERG
1.2 Animal Groups
1.2.1 Vertebrates
1.2.1.1 No backbone
1.2.2 Invertebrates
1.2.2.1 Fish
1.2.2.2 Amphibians
1.2.2.3 Reptiles
1.2.2.4 Birds
1.2.2.5 Mammals
1.3 Plants
1.3.1 fixed in one position
1.3.2 make their own food
2 Animal and Plant Cells
2.1 All cells have:
2.1.1 Cell membrane
2.1.1.1 thin skin that holds cell together
2.1.1.2 controls what can enter and leave the cell
2.1.2 Cytoplasm
2.1.2.1 watery fluid in which other structures are suspended
2.1.3 Nucleus
2.1.3.1 'brain' of the cell
2.1.3.2 controls cell's activities
2.1.3.3 controls how cells divide to form new cells
2.1.4 Small Vacuoles
2.1.4.1 used for temporary storage of food and waste
2.2 Plant cells also have:
2.2.1 chloroplasts
2.2.1.1 contain chlorophyll
2.2.2 cell wall
2.2.2.1 outside membrane
2.2.2.2 gives cell support
2.2.2.3 all plant cells have walls so whole plant wont collapse
2.2.3 Large Vacuole
2.2.3.1 stores water, sugar and wastes
2.2.3.1.1 sugar stored in form of starch
2.3 The Microscpe
2.3.1 eyepiece
2.3.2 stage
2.3.3 objective lens
2.3.4 focus knob
2.4 Cell Organisation
2.4.1 Cell type →
2.4.1.1 Muscle cells
2.4.1.1.1 Allow movement
2.4.1.2 Red blood cells
2.4.1.2.1 Carry Oxygen
2.4.1.3 White blood cells
2.4.1.3.1 Defend against disease
2.4.1.4 Nerve Cells
2.4.1.4.1 Carry messages
2.4.2 Function ↓
2.5 Tissues, Organs and Systems
2.5.1 a tissue is a group of similar cells with a special function
2.5.2 an organ is a group of different tissues that work together to carry out a special function
2.5.3 A system is a group of organs working together
2.6 Cell Division and Growth
2.6.1 Growth is due to cells dividing
3 Food
3.1 A balanced diet
3.1.1 contains the right amounts of each of the six different food types
3.2 Food Types
3.3 The Food Pyramid

Annotations:

  • [Image: http://www.whale.to/a/food_pyramid.gif]
3.4 Food Tests
3.5 Food and Energy
3.5.1 The amount of energy needed by a person depends
3.5.1.1 Age
3.5.1.2 Gender
3.5.1.3 Activity Levels
3.5.1.4 Health

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